Tag Archives: Ohio

Abraham Brink Takes Root in Ohio

Abraham W. Brink 1820-1898

Curious about what made my great-grandmother Mary Brink the kind of woman she was , I am excavating through the murk of official records to discover her father Abraham Brink and other relatives.

Mary Brink Anderson

Mary Brink with grandchildren Telmar Anderson and Rhema Anderson (Fair) Photo from Ancestry, property of user KManery65

I wrote about Mary Brink previously and her fortitude in the face of losing a husband and become a single mother with a farm and two young boys to care for. I have since added and corrected information in that piece, so you might want to read it before proceeding.  Before she married my great-grandfather Joseph Anderson, Mary lived on the prosperous farm of Abraham and Dorcas Middaugh Brink in Killbuck Township, Holmes County, Ohio.

Abraham Brink Arrives and Marries

Like so many of my ancestors of that generation, great-great grandfather Abraham Brink, known as “Abe”, was born in Pennsylvania.  In 1820, Ohio was still developing from territory to state. It was the promised land of abundant rich land  to farmers who were beginning to feel crowded by development in neighboring Pennsylvania.

Although I don’t know exactly when he made the move from Pennsylvania, it appears that his entire family may have migrated around 1840 from Pennsylvania.  I know that “Abe” married Dorcas Eliza Middaugh in November 1844 in Ohio, when he was twenty-four years old and she was nineteen.

In the first five years of their marriage, Abraham and Dorcas had two sons and two daughters. They experienced their first loss when the second son died when he was two weeks old.

The Farm Grows as the Family Grows

Meanwhile, Abraham was cultivating 55 acres on a farm that totaled 121 acres and was worth $1500 (roughly $45,000 today). Nearby, three other Brink farms  of similar size measured similar worth according to the farm schedule of the United States Census of 1850. Who were these other Brinks?  I will explore that in a future post. Although I cannot say for sure at this moment, it is a pretty sure bet that they are all related. In 1860, one Brink farmer is three years younger than the 39-year-old  Abraham, one nine years older and the other 16 years older.

Abraham Brink and family

Brink familys on non-population schedule in 1860

In the next ten years(1850-1860), two sons and three daughters were born, including my great-grandmother Mary (1858).  Meanwhile, Abraham’s farm continued to grow. In the farm schedule in 1860, he said he had 90 acres of improved land and 75 acres of unimproved, for a total increase of 44 acres. And the total value had gone up to $2000.

As a little girl, Mary was living on a farm with some cattle and sheep, fields of wheat, rye, hay, buckwheat, oats and corn. Her father also grew five acres of potatoes. Perhaps this descendant of Dutch immigrants was still enjoying hutspot, the Dutch recipe I shared with you earlier.

A Bad Decade

The years between 1860 and 1870 were tumultuous for the Brink family, and not just because of the Civil War (for which Abraham registered in 1863 at the age of 41). A son was born in 1862. In July, 1864 a daughter was born, but died a week later. Then some kind of epidemic must have swept through the countryside, because between March 1865 and May 1865, the family lost a 3-year-old son, a 16-year-old daughter and a 13-year-old son.

My grandmother, Mary Brink, would have been six to seven years old when she lost three siblings plus saw an infant die. It is reasonable to assume that other members of the family might have also been ill and if she herself was not sick, she probably had to help care for those who were ailing.

The birth of baby daughter Ada in 1867 provided the only bright spot in that dreary decade.  That and the farm.

Abraham had the farm to occupy his mind during this time of trial, and it continued to grow.  By 1870 he owned 145 acres and the total worth of the farm had climbed to a whopping $5400. This year’s farm census no longer shows the other Brink families that were living in the neighborhood on the earlier ones, but now his oldest son Jeddiah Brink owns a farm nexgt door worth $1500 (The same value that Abraham’s land had in 1850 when Abraham was 30).  At twenty-six, he has been married four years, and so far has only improved twenty-six acres of his holdings. We know that Jeddiah purchased forty acres in 1867, but do not know where the additional acreage comes from. Since it is immediately adjacent to his father in the 1870 census, it probably is part of family land that his father has given or sold to him.

Abraham’s valuable farm grew by another twenty acres by the 1880 census, to 164 acres (100 under cultivation). He was fifty-nine years old and only his youngest daughter remained at home.

Abraham Brink Plans for His Family Future

In July 1892, Abraham thought it prudent to write his will.  He left everything to his wife Dorcas, but also gave instructions for the splitting of the property after her death.

Abraham Brink will

Abraham Brink’s original will, 1892.

By 1892, Abraham has outlived all but six of his twelve children (or eleven) children. There is one census entry that has me puzzled. Those offspring remaining are Jedediah/Jeddiah who “Abe”makes the executor of the will; Alfred, who has already “received his share”; my great-grandmother Mary Brink Anderson and her sister Sarah Jane Brink Anderson who married the brother of Mary’s husband; Catharine Brink Turner; and the youngest daughter, Ada Brink Allison.

My grandfather, Leonard Guy Anderson, would have known all of these aunts and uncles, but the only one that I have evidence of close ties to is Ada, whose son worked on the family farm and is in the family picture taken in 1909. He also would have known his grandfather Abraham Brink, who died when Guy was twenty years old.

Vera and Guy Anderson and families 1909

Vera and Guy Anderson and families 1909

The Abraham Brink Connections in the Anderson-Stout family picture

Daughter: Mary Brink Anderson, long a widow, stands just slightly to the left of the porch pillar, above the infant held by my grandmother Vera.  At the time, Mary was living with Guy and Vera on the Anderson farm that had belonged to Joseph Anderson, her husband.

Grandson: Leonard Guy Anderson standing in center back with white shirt and dark tie.

Daughter and Son-in-law: Ada Allison, Abraham and Dorcas’ youngest daughter is in the far left of the middle row beside her husband in a dark suit–DeSylva Allison.

Grandson: Errett Allison, son of Ada Allison stands beside his wife Nettie behind the seated man holding two young children. Errett is wearing a necktie. He and his wife both worked on the farm when my grandmother and grandfather lived there.

Plus, the children and infants in the photo are great-grandchildren of Abraham Brink.

(Want to know who everyone else is? See this Identification post.)

Unlike many of my ancestors, Abraham was forward-thinking enough to write his will before his final illness. He survived for another six years. In 1898 he died and was buried where so many of the Brinks rest, at the Wolf Creek Cemetery in Holmes County.

Abraham W. Brink

Abraham W. Brink tombstone in Wolf Creek Cemetery, Holmes County, Ohio, picture compliments of Jim and Susan Brink.

How I Am Related

  • Vera Marie Badertscher is the daughter of
  • Harriette Anderson Kaser, who is the daughter of
  • Leonard Guy Anderson, who is the son of
  • Mary Brink Anderson, who is the daughter of
  • Abraham W. Brink.

Notes on Research

United States Census, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, Killbuck Township, Holmes County, Ohio

United States Census Non Population Schedule (Agriculture) Killbuck, Holmes, Ohio, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880

Ohio, Wills and Probate Records, 1786-1998, Abraham W. Brink, August 1, 1898, Case Number 1020, Will records Vol. 4, 1894-1911.

U.S., Civil War Draft Registrations Records, 1863-1865, National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Consolidated Lists of Civil War Draft Registration Records (Provost Marshal General’s Bureau; Consolidated Enrollment Lists, 1863-1865); Record Group: 110, Records of the Provost Marshal General’s Bureau, Abraham Brink, July 1, 1863.

Find a Grave, Abraham W. Brink,  Plus information and photo from Jim and Susan Brink.

Other information and photos from my personal collection.

Family Politics: Sardine Stone and James Madison

The Hon. Sardine Stone 1768-1834

Ohio Pioneers

The Ohio Company

The Ohio Company land office – oldest building in Ohio

When I wrote about odd names in my family tree, one of the most unusual was “Sardine.”  Despite this decidedly odd name, the distinguished gentleman Sardine Stone earned the title of “The Honorable” by virtue of having been elected to several terms in the Ohio legislature. His foray into politics gives us a view of political parties under stress from war, an economic slowdown and the victory of a populist candidate. Is this sounding familiar?

I earlier told the exciting story of how Sardine joined his father in the Ohio territory.  In 1803 Ohio became a state. In preparation,  a territorial census was conducted of men over 21. It listed pioneers Sardine Stone, his father, and his brothers.They were part of the Ohio Company led by General Rufus Putnam, who founded Marietta.  The new state started with communities along the Ohio River, and slowly grew northward.

James Madison and Another War with Britain

James Madison

Portrait of President James Madison by John Vanderlyn (1775–1852) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Thomas Jefferson’s hand-picked successor was not a shoo-in the first time he ran for President in 1808.  It comes as something of a shock to read the history of the era and realize that Thomas Jefferson was widely despised by the time he left office.  Jefferson had initiated an embargo of trade that was ruining the country’s economy and endangered the election of his successor. However, as we know, James Madison, a Democratic Republican, did succeed in becoming the fourth president of the United States.

Mother taught me some nonsense to help remember the early presidents.

Will A Jolly Man Make A Jolly Visitor?

Washington, Adams, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Adams, Jackson, Van Buren.

The next three are easy to chant: Tyler-Polk-Taylor.

I believe there is another sentence to follow, but I can’t remember it. Do you have a memory device for presidents?

Sardine Runs for Office

Ohio had  been a state for only eight years when Sardine Stone first ran for office in 1811, the third year of Madison’s term. In 1811, the patina of civilization in Ohio was shallow–most of the state was covered with forests rather than cultivated fields or towns, and the threat of Indian attack was still very real. Bears roamed north of the Ohio River until the 1830s. Sardine Stone campaigned  to represent the southern counties of Adams and Washington, along the Ohio River, in the state assembly. He represented President Madison’s Democratic Republican ticket.

Chillicothe, Ohio

Chillicothe, Ohio, First Capitol

Sardine and his running mate, the other Democratic Republican were elected to a one-year term in Ohio’s lower house of the legislature. Off they went to Zanesville, which their party had finagled to become the state capital for electoral advantage.

Soon it was election time again, and Sardine Stone ran for re-election in 1812, a presidential election year. James Madison, the standard bearer for the Democratic Republican ticket had widely fluctuating popularity depending on how relationships with Britain were faring. By the time the session started, the capital was back in Chillicothe.

The War Party

The fight against the British for Independence was vivid in the memory of many adults, and the population split as to whether the new country should engage in another war with the British.  By the time of the 1812 Presidential election a second war with the British had begun and the United States was not doing well. Naturally the president took much of the blame.

President James Madison defended the necessity of war, and presumably Sardine Stone agreed.

Democratic Republican delegates who nominated Sardine for another term in the Assembly in September 1813 passed a resolution that said

“at the present crisis when our country is beset by savages of the forest and by the civilized savages of Great Britain, it becomes the impervious duty of every good citizen to exert himself.”

However, in Ohio’s State Assembly, Sardine was dealing with more local issues. In the Ohio Assembly, focus was mainly on transportation. In the early days the task consisted of improving river transportation and bridges and later turned to railroads.

The opposition party, the Federalists, were not only opposed to the war, but also, as a party strong in the Northwest Territory, they were tired of electing Virginians as President.

Neither of these parties would survive long. People’s concerns were much different, and as focus on various issues shifted, the political parties came together, then fell apart or shifted their point of view.

Madison won the presidential electors of Ohio and his re-election bid.  The small number of electoral votes Ohio had tells the Ohio House of Representatives.

Sardine Steps Up to State Senate and Another Virginian Takes the White House

Sardine Stone was re-elected as a Representative in 1813, and after two years out of office, he was elected again in 1816, when his party’s candidate James Monroe won the Presidency.

President James Monroe

James Monroe by John Vanderlyn ,1816

After 1816, Sardine turned to the Ohio Senate and was elected first in 1817 to the office he served for three terms.

Ohio Builds a New Capitol And Monroe Re-elected

Columbus Statehouse

Columbus Statehouse

Ohio was fast becoming a “real” state, as opposed to a raw territory.  After sticking close to the Ohio River, with state officials housed at Chilicothe and briefly at Zanesville, the capitol city of Columbus was founded in 1816.  By 1820, Sardine was traveling from his home in southern Ohio to central Columbus for sessions of the state Assembly on horseback. The first stagecoach service from southern to central Ohio was established later that year.

The 1820 presidential election was particularly interesting, since the Federalist Party had disappeared, driven out of favor by their opposition to the war that American ultimately won. Without an opposition party, the Democratic Republican candidate for re-election, James Monroe, sailed to victory, even getting the support of former Federalist, and former president John Adams.

Since 2016 is a Presidential election year when both major parties have faced challenges from outsider candidates, it is sobering to look at the 1812-1824 period in our nation’s history and see how the two major political parties both disappeared and new parties emerged after a populist candidate split the traditional party.

During this turmoil of politics, Sardine Stone continued to serve in the Ohio Senate until 1823.

The Democratic Republican party stood for state’s rights, weaker federal government, and strict adherence to the Constitution. After the withering away of the Federalist party, Andrew Jackson was elected as a populist candidate who forced the new look of the Democratic Republicans who split into the Democrats and the Whigs.

Although the Democratic party emerged from the 1828 election of Andrew Jackson, the last of the Democratic Republican candidates, it  evolved into a totally different set of beliefs than its predecessor.

It took nearly forty years before the party system settled into the pattern than we have today of the Republican party and the Democratic party.  When slavery became the paramount issue dividing the public, a new party, the Republican party, split off from the Democratic party and the Whigs disappeared.

Have the two parties today outlived their usefulness in today’s world of fast-changing values? Will we see another disruption of the sort that Sardine Stone lived through?

The Stone Family Leadership

The Stone family members stepped up in leadership positions from the time they arrived on the frontier.  Perhaps it is the pioneer spirit which reinforced the importance of cooperation, but every one of Isaiah Stone’s sons became active in some community good.

 

Pioneer Association of Washington County

Meeting of the Pioneer Association in Marietta in 1870. Augustus Stone would be here. Photo from Washington County Public Library

Benjamin Franklin Stone

Benjamin Franklin Stone

For instance,Augustus Stone, storekeeper served as Commissioner of Police in 1821 and worked on committees to help the Cherokee Indians and preserve the history of Washington County among other civic activities. (I’m sorry I don’t know which stately gentleman is Augustus in that photo above.)

In addition to writing a journal about their journey to Ohio, Benjamin Franklin Stone was a school teacher, judge, county surveyor (1832-1841) and coroner (1857).

 

The Stone Family is certainly a branch that I am proud to have in my family tree.

How I am Related  (1st cousin 5 x removed)

  • Vera Marie Kaser (Badertscher) is the daughter of
  • Harriette Anderson (Kaser), who is the daughter of
  • Vera Stout (Anderson), who is the daughter of
  • Harriette Morgan (Stout), who is the daughter of
  • Mary Bassett (Morgan), who is the daughter of
  • Elizabeth Stone (Howe), who is the daughter of
  • Elizabeth Howe (Hubbard), who is the daughter of
  • Elizabeth Hubbard (Barrett), who is the mother of
  • Lydia Barrett (Stone), who is the other of
  • Sardine Stone.

Notes on Research (To Come)

Jeddiah Brink:On the Brink of Finding the Brinks

For Mother. Sorry we didn’t know all these things when you were still here to enjoy the journey.

Harriette Anderson Kaser

Harriette Kaser and oldest great-grandson, 1989.

Although I’m not writing a specifically Mother’s Day themed article this week, I am thinking about my mother Harriette Anderson (Kaser) as I delve into the histories of her father’s family starting with Jeddiah Brink, mother’s great-uncle. (The picture above shows her with her great grandson, as I talk about her grandmother’s family–or from the kid’s perspective–his 3x great grandmother!)

Mother never met Jeddiah, because he died 7 years before she was born, but she certainly knew a lot of the Brink family members who lived around  Killbuck, Ohio.

Mary Brink Anderson and others

Guy Anderson and Vera (holding son Herbert). Guy’s mother Mary Brink Anderson on the far right. 1909 family gathering.

First thing I have to get out of the way–Mother was wrong.  She thought that Leonard Guy Anderson’s mother’s family was Dutch, although she never emphasized her Dutch lineage.  Now I’m wading through a swamp of misleading clues and seriously doubting the nationality of my grandfather Guy Anderson’s mother, Mary Veolia Brink (Anderson)(Kline)–particularly on her father’s side. So although I asserted in an earlier post about Mary Brink and her family that her mother (Middaugh/Meddaugh) and her father (Brink) were both Dutch, I’m going to have to do a lot of work to find the truth.

Unfortunately, I even titled that post about Mary V.  Brink, “The Dutch Connection”. Whoops. But not a total loss, because it appears that the Middaugh side of her family, which I’ll get to in the next month or so, actually WAS Dutch.

Mother would have loved this process.  She didn’t like being wrong, but after all, this wasn’t HER fault–she was just passing on information that had been given to her. But she did love digging into the past and discovering new things. So Happy Mother’s Day wherever you are, mother– I wish you were here to share this.

Jeddiah Brink 1846-1914

Born in February, 1846 in Killbuck Township, Holmes County, Ohio,  Jeddiah was the oldest child in the family of Abraham (Abe) and Dorcas Middaugh Brink. He had twelve sisters and brothers, although only seven would survive to adulthood.

My great-grandmother Mary V. Brink was born when Jeddiah was twelve years old.

Like most of the boys in the family, Jeddiah grew up working on the farm. I don’t know about his schooling, but I do know that he could read and write.

Between March and May of 1865, Jeddiah (then 19) lost a three-year-old brother,  a 13-year-old brother and a 16 year-old sister. Apparently some epidemic swept through the countryside.  But Jeddiah survived and married Susanah (Susan) Fortune  the following March (1866).

Jeddiah Brink marriage

Jeddiah Brink and Susan Fortune Holmes County, Ohio marriage, 1866

Susan came from a nearby farm family, and in the census of 1860, Susan Fortune, then 15 years old, was living with the Freshwater family. It was not uncommon for a farm family to “farm out” their teenage children to work on neighboring farms, and I assume this was the case, although I do not yet have a handle on Susan’s family. I’ll leave that to descendants of Jeddiah, since my main interest is in his sister Mary (my great-grandmother).

As newlyweds, Susan and Jeddiah must have lived with one set of parents, but I do not know for sure.  Their first child, Eleanora Celestra was born in February, 1867.  (Celestra’s middle name comes from the 16-year-old sister who died the previous year.)  Now a family of three, they needed a place of their own. After all, Jeddiah’s youngest sister, Ada Ethel Brink, was born the same year, so if they were staying with his parents, Abe and Dorcas, the house was full with a baby and five other children ranging in age from 8 to 17 years old.

Here is a picture of Jeddiah’s house, but I’m going to save the story of the house–and the EXACT location- for another day.

Home of Jeddiiah Brink

Jeddiah Brink home, Killbuck Township. Picture by Jim Smith about 1996

Once Jeddiah and Susan had settled into their new home, Jeddiah was busy farming and Susan was busy with babies.

  • 1867: Eleanora Celestra Brink
  • 1870: William Alfred Brink
  • 1871: Ida V. Brink
  • 1873 Ola May Brink
  • 1879: Frank Brink
  • 1883: Emma Brink

Life on the farm went on, the children grew, and in 1898, Jeddiah’s father, Abe died.  For a time Jeddiah’s mother lived with daughter Mary, and Mary’s son Guy Anderson and his first wife Lillis. So my grandfather, great-grandmother and great-great grandmother were all living together.

Like the terrible tragedy of 1864 and 1865, Jeddiah and his family had a bad time in 1898 and 1899.  A year after Jeddiah’s father died, his wife, Susan died at 54.  In 1900, we see just the youngest daughter, Emma and Jeddiah rattling around in that big farmhouse. But a few months after the census was taken–October 18, 1900 to be exact, Emma married Simon Gillmore, a farmer who also lived in Holmes County.

The new century was a time of big changes. Jeddiah’s first wife had died in 1899, and the following year, some time before June, his son Frank married Matilda Bellar. (The Bellar name will figure in the history of the house pictured above.) In  the the same year, 1900, the only child remaining at home, Emma, married,

By the end of that year, Jeddiah was truly alone. But he was not destined to be alone for long.  In 1901, he married Sarah ___________. Two years later, he moved with Sarah to Perry Township, Richland County, where he occupied a farm next to one rented by his son, Frank. His son William also lived in  Richland County in 1910, although he lived in Mansfield. Daughter Elnora Brink Schonauer moved to Richland County from Coschocton County between 1910 and 1920 and finished her life there.

On the 1910 census, when he is 64 years old, Jeddiah is still listed as an active farmer. His son Frank did not stay in Richland, or in farming. After serving in the army in World War I, he moved to Columbus, Ohio where he worked for the railroad..

On the 5 of December 1914, Jeddiah died in Richland County of “apoplexy”. His death certificate information was filled in  by his daughter Ola May.

Note: Ola May married a Lepley, as did her sister Ida!

How I am Related

  • Vera Marie Kaser Badertscher is the daughter of
  • Harriette Violia Anderson Kaser who is the daughter of
  • Leonard Guy Anderson, who is the son of
  • Mary Violia Brink Anderson (Kline), who is the sister of
  • Jeddiah Brink.
  • Mary and Jeddiah are children of
  • Abraham Brink and Dorcas Middaugh Brink

RESEARCH NOTES

U. S. Federal Census 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940 (Killbuck Twp, Holmes County, Ohio) and 1900, 1910 (Monroe, Coshocton Ohio); 1910, 1920,( Perry,  Richland County, Ohio);1900 (TIverton, Coshocton, Ohio), 1910 (Mansfield Ward 2, Richland, Ohio); 1920 (Mansfield Ward 1, Ohio), 1930, 1940 (Mansfield, Richland, Ohio, 1910, 1920 1930, 1940 (Columbus, Franklin, Ohio).

Image of Holmes County, Ohio marriage license for Susan Fortune and Jeddiah Brink from Ancestry.com posted by user KMannery65.

Image of Richland County Death Certificate for Jeddiah Brink from Ancestry.com, posted by user KMannery65.

Ohio, Deaths, 1908-1932, 1938-2007, Ancestry.com and Ohio Dept. of Health, for Jeddiah Brink Richland County, 12-5-14,; Elnora Brink Schonauer Mansfield, Richland County, 11-11-26, Ida Brink Lepley, Holmes County 17-Aug 1942, Ola May Brink Lepley .

Florida Death Index 1877-1998, William Brink Pinellas Florida, 1948.

Ohio, Find A Grave Index, 1787-2012, Internet, Ancestry.com.  For Jeddiah Brink, Susan Fortune Brink, Elnora Brink Schonauer

Ohio Births and Chistenings Index, 1774-1973, Ancestry.com, Internet. For Frank Walter Brink, William A. Brink, Emma Brink.

Web: Ohio, MOLO Obituary Index, 1811-2012,  for Ola Brink Lepley January 1934, obituary in Coschocton Tribune January 28, 1934.