Tag Archives: Ohio

Mom and Dad and the Ninth, a Special Day

Today marks 78 years since my parents were married–June 9, 1938–a special day.

My sister and Brother are in Arizona for a reunion. They suggested we meet on June 9th, since that was the wedding date of Paul and Harriette V. Anderson Kaser. As I wrote in an earlier post about their courtship, the Ninth of the Month was always a special day for them, since it was the date in 1933 that they had their first official date.

The Love Letters

love letters 1938

Love letters 1938- Paul Kaser and Harriette Anderson

I am looking at letters from 1938–the year they were married.  As with most of the time during their long courtship (1933-1938), they were separated during the week and met on weekends.  Unfortunately, the letters that survive rarely include both sides of the conversation. I have almost daily letters from Dad during 1935, when they had just started dating, and not very many of his from 1938, although Mother’s letters indicate that he must still have been writing very regularly.

By 1938, Dad had landed that permanent job that qualified him (in their eyes, if not yet her parents) to marry her. He had moved into an apartment in New Philadelphia, Ohio where he worked for the federal Weather Bureau.  She was teaching school in the tiny town of Clark, Ohio and sometimes living with her sister Rhema Fair and Rhema’s husband Earl, but other times spending a night or two with her parents, Guy and Vera Anderson in nearby Killbuck, Ohio.

I have edited the letters slightly and removed the most personal (and mushy) bits.

Problems They Faced

Since she had a car and he did not, she drove to New Philadelphia each weekend, or he borrowed her car. In this letter in December 1937, it sounds like he may have gotten back late, and reflects other problems.

Well I went down to the office as soon as I arrived and they were very nice about everything so that’s all fixed. The only bad thing they let one of the other fellows drive my truck today and hes kind of hard on trucks and I don’t like that very well.

Had any sign as to how things are going to go over there this week. I hope they cool off now. {probably her parents, who did not want her to marry him.}I see in the New Phila {Philadelphia} paper where a Tusc {Tuscarawas} county teacher put under a peace bond. May be that’s what you ought to do. At least you aren’t the only teacher who has trouble with the board.

I called Mbg. {Millersburg} just now and Keith {his brother} is still coming along fairly good. I sure hope nothing sets in.

Mother told me that when she told her parents she was going to marry Paul, they didn’t believe it, and “when Paul went to talk to them, Vera (Harriette’s mother) was furious.” In later years, they became reconciled and my grandmother praised my father as being as good to her as her own sons.

The reference to the school board is because the Clark, Ohio school board continued to hold back teacher’s pay, (it was the tail end of the Great Depression after all)  a problem that Mother returns to frequently in her letters.

Paul worries about his brother, who has to have major surgery. Their father had died after surgery for a hernia.

The Special Day

Mother wrote letters like journal entries, recording her day’s activities and her feelings. One letter was being written on the 10th March, 1938.

Darlin’

Please don’t think I forgot what day yesterday was for I honestly didn’t. but last night I had such a headache I came home before P. T. A. was over and went straight to bed {Harriette suffered from migraine headaches all her life.} but dear I never forget the ninth and never will in fact it will even be more important as time goes on. Did you wonder what we would be doing on our next ninth? {June 9th when they would be married} I did. And you know what I decided.

Tomorrow evening we take the B. B. [basketball] boys to Fisher’s Restaurant and Thursday we go up to Bert Geauques for super and Friday night I am coming over to New Philadelphia, or am I? We could come back and then you could drive back Saturday, or is that too much. Just as you say.

She signed the letter “Duchess”. I explained Dad’s pet name for Mother in that earlier post, Love Letters and the Course  of True Love.

 

She returns to the subject of the Ninth in May, when, despite the fact her wedding was only two weeks away, she was on a bus trip through New York and New England and into Canada with students and other teachers.

Mother on a Road Trip

Dearest Paul,

This is the first night that I have stayed in the bus but the cabins are so terrible and cost .75 per person that I preferred to sleep in the bus with the women. Helen and Mellanie to be smart wouldn’t do it. We have gone only 721 miles, but have had a grand time and have seen a great deal. Today we were at Thousand Islands.

Mr. and Mrs. Bechtol are lovely. She popped corn tonight and when anyone fixes corn they are swell. We are going thru Vermont and New Hamp. Then for home. This afternoon I had a case of homesickness but stopped it quickly but I do have a lot to tell you. And I will always be happy after the ninth {June 9 when they are getting married}. I don’t think we will get home before Monday or Tuesday, but I will {?} all when ever we do.

I love you dearly,

Harriette

Waxing Poetic

My Dad was a great reader, and in later years my Mother said one of the works he was introduced to by his friend Delmar Alderman was The Lady of the Lake by Sir Walter Scott. He must have been under Scott’s Arthurian Romance spell when he wrote this one!

To the Duchess, From Paul, Greetings

By this token do I acknowledge My indebtedness to Thee, Fair Harriette. Thy acceptance, know then, Will but place me further in Thy debt.

For Friendship, graciously bestowed, do I thank Thee.

For Companionship, indispensible, thank Thee.

For My Mind, awakened to the good meditation, thank Thee.

For My Soul, aroused to pleasant dreams, thank Thee.

For My spirit, refreshed anew to the content of life thank Thee.

For all that thou wert, for all that Thou art, for all that Thou canst be to me, do I offer my heart I gratefulness.

Receive then, carrissime, this earnest of my obligation as bearing My whole being, an unworthy, but willing gift. And grant me yet this one prayer, that I may be Forever

Thine

Paul

The BIG Special Day, June 9, 1938

Despite the ongoing problems she had with the Clark school board getting paid and despite his over the top romantic longings, they were finally married on June 9, 1938, as I explained in Love Letters and the Course of True Love.  And she did not regret resigning from the Clark teaching job.

 Coshocton Tribune June 1938

Coshocton Tribune Article, June 15, 1938

She had hoped for a real honeymoon trip, writing from her own road trip,

We aren’t crowded in the bus and so far I don’t believe the trip will be very expensive. At least I will try to keep it from being, because there are several things I want, I wish we were on our trip now. I bet we can have a nice trip and not spend much in fact I would even like to stay in a tourist camp with you.

However, they spent their honeymoon one night at the Neil House hotel in Columbus, paying an outrageous $4.50 for their room and more to keep the car in the garage. Her memories included the smell of peanuts from the peanut vendor outside the front door.

Neil House honeymoon

Neil House hotel in Columbus Ohio and parking garage receipt for the night of their wedding.

Then they spent a few days at 4-H cap Hervida in Washington County, where Dad had been hired to lecture about weather because of his job with the Weather Bureau. There he lectured on weather subjects and she did First Aid. She noted that she had learned First Aid when she was a basketball coach.

Despite the problems and difficulties that plagued their five years of courtship, the marriage lasted the rest of their lives, and for the rest of their years, they grew nostalgic about the 9th of any month. Dad addressed anniversary cars to The Dutchess for decades.  In 1988, we celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary–marking that special day.

Paul and Harriette Kaser

Paul and Harriette Kaser, 50th Wedding Anniversary, June 1988

Abraham Brink Takes Root in Ohio

Abraham W. Brink 1820-1898

Curious about what made my great-grandmother Mary Brink the kind of woman she was , I am excavating through the murk of official records to discover her father Abraham Brink and other relatives.

Mary Brink Anderson

Mary Brink with grandchildren Telmar Anderson and Rhema Anderson (Fair) Photo from Ancestry, property of user KManery65

I wrote about Mary Brink previously and her fortitude in the face of losing a husband and become a single mother with a farm and two young boys to care for. I have since added and corrected information in that piece, so you might want to read it before proceeding.  Before she married my great-grandfather Joseph Anderson, Mary lived on the prosperous farm of Abraham and Dorcas Middaugh Brink in Killbuck Township, Holmes County, Ohio.

Abraham Brink Arrives and Marries

Like so many of my ancestors of that generation, great-great grandfather Abraham Brink, known as “Abe”, was born in Pennsylvania.  In 1820, Ohio was still developing from territory to state. It was the promised land of abundant rich land  to farmers who were beginning to feel crowded by development in neighboring Pennsylvania.

Although I don’t know exactly when he made the move from Pennsylvania, it appears that his entire family may have migrated around 1840 from Pennsylvania.  I know that “Abe” married Dorcas Eliza Middaugh in November 1844 in Ohio, when he was twenty-four years old and she was nineteen.

In the first five years of their marriage, Abraham and Dorcas had two sons and two daughters. They experienced their first loss when the second son died when he was two weeks old.

The Farm Grows as the Family Grows

Meanwhile in 1850, Abraham was cultivating 40 acres on a farm that totaled 80 acres and was worth $1000 (roughly $30,000 today). Nearby, three other Brink farms  of similar size measured similar worth according to the farm schedule of the United States Census of 1850. Who were these other Brinks?  I will explore that in a future post. Although I cannot say for sure at this moment, it is a pretty sure bet that they are all related.

In 1860, one Brink farmer is three years younger than the 39-year-old  Abraham, one nine years older and the other 16 years older.

Abraham Brink and family

Brink familys on non-population schedule in 1860

In the next ten years(1850-1860), two sons and three daughters were born, including my great-grandmother Mary (1858).  Meanwhile, Abraham’s farm continued to grow. In the farm schedule in 1860, he said he had 90 acres of improved land and 75 acres of unimproved, for a total increase of 44 acres. And the total value had gone up to $2000.

As a little girl, Mary was living on a farm with some cattle and sheep, fields of wheat, rye, hay, buckwheat, oats and corn. Her father also grew five acres of potatoes. Perhaps this descendant of Dutch immigrants was still enjoying hutspot, the Dutch recipe I shared with you earlier.

A Bad Decade

The years between 1860 and 1870 were tumultuous for the Brink family, and not just because of the Civil War (for which Abraham registered in 1863 at the age of 41). A son was born in 1862. In July, 1864 a daughter was born, but died a week later. Then some kind of epidemic must have swept through the countryside, because between March 1865 and May 1865, the family lost a 3-year-old son, a 16-year-old daughter and a 13-year-old son.

My grandmother, Mary Brink, would have been six to seven years old when she lost three siblings plus saw an infant die. It is reasonable to assume that other members of the family might have also been ill and if she herself was not sick, she probably had to help care for those who were ailing.

The birth of baby daughter Ada in 1867 provided the only bright spot in that dreary decade.  That and the farm.

Abraham had the farm to occupy his mind during this time of trial, and it continued to grow.  By 1870 he owned 145 acres and the total worth of the farm had climbed to a whopping $5400. This year’s farm census no longer shows the other Brink families that were living in the neighborhood on the earlier ones, but now his oldest son Jeddiah Brink owns a farm nexgt door worth $1500 (The same value that Abraham’s land had in 1850 when Abraham was 30).  At twenty-six, he has been married four years, and so far has only improved twenty-six acres of his holdings. We know that Jeddiah purchased forty acres in 1867, but do not know where the additional acreage comes from. Since it is immediately adjacent to his father in the 1870 census, it probably is part of family land that his father has given or sold to him.

Abraham’s valuable farm grew by another twenty acres by the 1880 census, to 164 acres (100 under cultivation). He was fifty-nine years old and only his youngest daughter remained at home.

Abraham Brink Plans for His Family Future

In July 1892, Abraham thought it prudent to write his will.  He left everything to his wife Dorcas, but also gave instructions for the splitting of the property after her death.

Abraham Brink will

Abraham Brink’s original will, 1892.

By 1892, Abraham has outlived all but six of his twelve children (or eleven) children. There is one census entry that has me puzzled. Those offspring remaining are Jedediah/Jeddiah who “Abe”makes the executor of the will; Alfred, who has already “received his share”; my great-grandmother Mary Brink Anderson and her sister Sarah Jane Brink Anderson who married the brother of Mary’s husband; Catharine Brink Turner; and the youngest daughter, Ada Brink Allison.

My grandfather, Leonard Guy Anderson, would have known all of these aunts and uncles, but the only one that I have evidence of close ties to is Ada, whose son worked on the family farm and is in the family picture taken in 1909. He also would have known his grandfather Abraham Brink, who died when Guy was twenty years old.

Vera and Guy Anderson and families 1909

Vera and Guy Anderson and families 1909

The Abraham Brink Connections in the Anderson-Stout family picture

Daughter: Mary Brink Anderson, long a widow, stands just slightly to the left of the porch pillar, above the infant held by my grandmother Vera.  At the time, Mary was living with Guy and Vera on the Anderson farm that had belonged to Joseph Anderson, her husband.

Grandson: Leonard Guy Anderson standing in center back with white shirt and dark tie.

Daughter and Son-in-law: Ada Allison, Abraham and Dorcas’ youngest daughter is in the far left of the middle row beside her husband in a dark suit–DeSylva Allison.

Grandson: Errett Allison, son of Ada Allison stands beside his wife Nettie behind the seated man holding two young children. Errett is wearing a necktie. He and his wife both worked on the farm when my grandmother and grandfather lived there.

Plus, the children and infants in the photo are great-grandchildren of Abraham Brink.

(Want to know who everyone else is? See this Identification post.)

Unlike many of my ancestors, Abraham was forward-thinking enough to write his will before his final illness. He survived for another six years. In 1898 he died and was buried where so many of the Brinks rest, at the Wolf Creek Cemetery in Holmes County.

Abraham W. Brink

Abraham W. Brink tombstone in Wolf Creek Cemetery, Holmes County, Ohio, picture compliments of Jim and Susan Brink.

How I Am Related

  • Vera Marie Badertscher is the daughter of
  • Harriette Anderson Kaser, who is the daughter of
  • Leonard Guy Anderson, who is the son of
  • Mary Brink Anderson, who is the daughter of
  • Abraham W. Brink.

Notes on Research

United States Census, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880, Killbuck Township, Holmes County, Ohio

United States Census Non Population Schedule (Agriculture) Killbuck, Holmes, Ohio, 1850, 1860, 1870, 1880

Ohio, Wills and Probate Records, 1786-1998, Abraham W. Brink, August 1, 1898, Case Number 1020, Will records Vol. 4, 1894-1911.

U.S., Civil War Draft Registrations Records, 1863-1865, National Archives and Records Administration (NARA); Consolidated Lists of Civil War Draft Registration Records (Provost Marshal General’s Bureau; Consolidated Enrollment Lists, 1863-1865); Record Group: 110, Records of the Provost Marshal General’s Bureau, Abraham Brink, July 1, 1863.

Find a Grave, Abraham W. Brink,  Plus information and photo from Jim and Susan Brink.

Other information and photos from my personal collection.

Family Politics: Sardine Stone and James Madison

The Hon. Sardine Stone 1768-1834

Ohio Pioneers

The Ohio Company

The Ohio Company land office – oldest building in Ohio

When I wrote about odd names in my family tree, one of the most unusual was “Sardine.”  Despite this decidedly odd name, the distinguished gentleman Sardine Stone earned the title of “The Honorable” by virtue of having been elected to several terms in the Ohio legislature. His foray into politics gives us a view of political parties under stress from war, an economic slowdown and the victory of a populist candidate. Is this sounding familiar?

I earlier told the exciting story of how Sardine joined his father in the Ohio territory.  In 1803 Ohio became a state. In preparation,  a territorial census was conducted of men over 21. It listed pioneers Sardine Stone, his father, and his brothers.They were part of the Ohio Company led by General Rufus Putnam, who founded Marietta.  The new state started with communities along the Ohio River, and slowly grew northward.

James Madison and Another War with Britain

James Madison

Portrait of President James Madison by John Vanderlyn (1775–1852) [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Thomas Jefferson’s hand-picked successor was not a shoo-in the first time he ran for President in 1808.  It comes as something of a shock to read the history of the era and realize that Thomas Jefferson was widely despised by the time he left office.  Jefferson had initiated an embargo of trade that was ruining the country’s economy and endangered the election of his successor. However, as we know, James Madison, a Democratic Republican, did succeed in becoming the fourth president of the United States.

Mother taught me some nonsense to help remember the early presidents.

Will A Jolly Man Make A Jolly Visitor?

Washington, Adams, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Adams, Jackson, Van Buren.

The next three are easy to chant: Tyler-Polk-Taylor.

I believe there is another sentence to follow, but I can’t remember it. Do you have a memory device for presidents?

Sardine Runs for Office

Ohio had  been a state for only eight years when Sardine Stone first ran for office in 1811, the third year of Madison’s term. In 1811, the patina of civilization in Ohio was shallow–most of the state was covered with forests rather than cultivated fields or towns, and the threat of Indian attack was still very real. Bears roamed north of the Ohio River until the 1830s. Sardine Stone campaigned  to represent the southern counties of Adams and Washington, along the Ohio River, in the state assembly. He represented President Madison’s Democratic Republican ticket.

Chillicothe, Ohio

Chillicothe, Ohio, First Capitol

Sardine and his running mate, the other Democratic Republican were elected to a one-year term in Ohio’s lower house of the legislature. Off they went to Zanesville, which their party had finagled to become the state capital for electoral advantage.

Soon it was election time again, and Sardine Stone ran for re-election in 1812, a presidential election year. James Madison, the standard bearer for the Democratic Republican ticket had widely fluctuating popularity depending on how relationships with Britain were faring. By the time the session started, the capital was back in Chillicothe.

The War Party

The fight against the British for Independence was vivid in the memory of many adults, and the population split as to whether the new country should engage in another war with the British.  By the time of the 1812 Presidential election a second war with the British had begun and the United States was not doing well. Naturally the president took much of the blame.

President James Madison defended the necessity of war, and presumably Sardine Stone agreed.

Democratic Republican delegates who nominated Sardine for another term in the Assembly in September 1813 passed a resolution that said

“at the present crisis when our country is beset by savages of the forest and by the civilized savages of Great Britain, it becomes the impervious duty of every good citizen to exert himself.”

However, in Ohio’s State Assembly, Sardine was dealing with more local issues. In the Ohio Assembly, focus was mainly on transportation. In the early days the task consisted of improving river transportation and bridges and later turned to railroads.

The opposition party, the Federalists, were not only opposed to the war, but also, as a party strong in the Northwest Territory, they were tired of electing Virginians as President.

Neither of these parties would survive long. People’s concerns were much different, and as focus on various issues shifted, the political parties came together, then fell apart or shifted their point of view.

Madison won the presidential electors of Ohio and his re-election bid.  The small number of electoral votes Ohio had tells the Ohio House of Representatives.

Sardine Steps Up to State Senate and Another Virginian Takes the White House

Sardine Stone was re-elected as a Representative in 1813, and after two years out of office, he was elected again in 1816, when his party’s candidate James Monroe won the Presidency.

President James Monroe

James Monroe by John Vanderlyn ,1816

After 1816, Sardine turned to the Ohio Senate and was elected first in 1817 to the office he served for three terms.

Ohio Builds a New Capitol And Monroe Re-elected

Columbus Statehouse

Columbus Statehouse

Ohio was fast becoming a “real” state, as opposed to a raw territory.  After sticking close to the Ohio River, with state officials housed at Chilicothe and briefly at Zanesville, the capitol city of Columbus was founded in 1816.  By 1820, Sardine was traveling from his home in southern Ohio to central Columbus for sessions of the state Assembly on horseback. The first stagecoach service from southern to central Ohio was established later that year.

The 1820 presidential election was particularly interesting, since the Federalist Party had disappeared, driven out of favor by their opposition to the war that American ultimately won. Without an opposition party, the Democratic Republican candidate for re-election, James Monroe, sailed to victory, even getting the support of former Federalist, and former president John Adams.

Since 2016 is a Presidential election year when both major parties have faced challenges from outsider candidates, it is sobering to look at the 1812-1824 period in our nation’s history and see how the two major political parties both disappeared and new parties emerged after a populist candidate split the traditional party.

During this turmoil of politics, Sardine Stone continued to serve in the Ohio Senate until 1823.

The Democratic Republican party stood for state’s rights, weaker federal government, and strict adherence to the Constitution. After the withering away of the Federalist party, Andrew Jackson was elected as a populist candidate who forced the new look of the Democratic Republicans who split into the Democrats and the Whigs.

Although the Democratic party emerged from the 1828 election of Andrew Jackson, the last of the Democratic Republican candidates, it  evolved into a totally different set of beliefs than its predecessor.

It took nearly forty years before the party system settled into the pattern than we have today of the Republican party and the Democratic party.  When slavery became the paramount issue dividing the public, a new party, the Republican party, split off from the Democratic party and the Whigs disappeared.

Have the two parties today outlived their usefulness in today’s world of fast-changing values? Will we see another disruption of the sort that Sardine Stone lived through?

The Stone Family Leadership

The Stone family members stepped up in leadership positions from the time they arrived on the frontier.  Perhaps it is the pioneer spirit which reinforced the importance of cooperation, but every one of Isaiah Stone’s sons became active in some community good.

 

Pioneer Association of Washington County

Meeting of the Pioneer Association in Marietta in 1870. Augustus Stone would be here. Photo from Washington County Public Library

Benjamin Franklin Stone

Benjamin Franklin Stone

For instance,Augustus Stone, storekeeper served as Commissioner of Police in 1821 and worked on committees to help the Cherokee Indians and preserve the history of Washington County among other civic activities. (I’m sorry I don’t know which stately gentleman is Augustus in that photo above.)

In addition to writing a journal about their journey to Ohio, Benjamin Franklin Stone was a school teacher, judge, county surveyor (1832-1841) and coroner (1857).

 

The Stone Family is certainly a branch that I am proud to have in my family tree.

How I am Related  (1st cousin 5 x removed)

  • Vera Marie Kaser (Badertscher) is the daughter of
  • Harriette Anderson (Kaser), who is the daughter of
  • Vera Stout (Anderson), who is the daughter of
  • Harriette Morgan (Stout), who is the daughter of
  • Mary Bassett (Morgan), who is the daughter of
  • Elizabeth Stone (Howe), who is the daughter of
  • Elizabeth Howe (Hubbard), who is the daughter of
  • Elizabeth Hubbard (Barrett), who is the mother of
  • Lydia Barrett (Stone), who is the other of
  • Sardine Stone.

Notes on Research (To Come)