Tag Archives: Wales

James Morgan – First of Jesse Morgan’s Line

James Morgan (Sr.) 1607-1685

I’ve spent a lot of time on the story of Jesse Morgan.  My 2nd great-grandfather wins the prize for the most fascinating ancestor in our line–or at least the most fascinating direct ancestor whose story came down to us by word of mouth, documented by letters in his own hand and by many other sources.

The American Morgan story, however, did not start with Jesse. In fact, it started with HIS 3x great grandfather, James Morgan (Sr.). James and his two younger brothers were the first of a Morgan clan that eventually spread out across the new land after they first arrived in Boston in 1636. That is just 15 years after William Bassett, the Pilgrim who is the direct ancestor of Mary Bassett Morgan, married to Jesse Morgan. An Early American power couple, genealogically speaking.

SOURCE of JAMES MORGAN’S EARLY STORY

The story starts in Wales where James was born probably in 1607, probably in the town of Llandaff in the county of Glamorgan. Notice that Llandaff lies just northwest of Cardiff, the capitol of Wales.

Wales - James Morgan's homeland

Map of Glamorgan County, Wales, showing Cardiff with Llandaff to the NW.

Glamorgan County lies on the far south of Wales along the Bristol Channel. Wales attaches to the west side of England.

Wales coast

Bristol Channel, along the Glamorgan Wales coast

Much of the information that I have about the early life of James –his exact birth date and place, the name of his father, etc.–needs further proof.  The 1869 book, James Morgan and His Descendants, honestly states when the author cannot prove a fact. He does not back up his stories with concrete proofs, although he seems to at least try to sort proven from unproven.

Therefore, I also will proceed with caution, attempting to warn you when proof is elusive.

For instance, although according to the book a family legend leans toward the name William for James’ father, without a birth certificate or baptism record, I cannot be sure.  It is true that there are many Morgans in that region of Wales. And my Morgan family has common names–William, John, James, Joseph. Find A Grave for England and Ireland shows a William Morgan dying in Bristol in 1649, and his age range is correct for a father of James. Plus James and his brothers sailed out of Bristol.

On the other hand, Find a Grave does not have a gravestone or death record for evidence, and Bristol could very well be the most convenient port for someone sailing out of Wales as well as southern England.

WHY LEAVE BRITAIN?

Whether the family moved to Bristol or stayed in Wales, the religious and political events brewing in England in the 1630s would have a great effect on their lives. Welsh people along the border with England joined the reform religions. The Scots beat the English King Charles in the first Civil War, a struggle over religion, in 1639. In Bristol, the Royalists stormed the port in 1642–just six years after the Morgan brothers departed. In another few years, the King would be deposed and executed.

Surely the Morgans were at least fleeing war, if not joining sympathetic Puritans streaming into North America. The younger son, John, reportedly was a minister and even Boston, according to the family history, was too wild for him.  He moved on to Virginia to practice his strict religion.

Miles became an instant leader, as he joined a group founding Springfield Massachusetts. At the age of 20, he finagled his way into the division of property which was supposed to go only to men over 21.

JAMES MORGAN IN NEW ENGLAND

So, wherever he came from and whoever his father was, we do have a record that shows James and his two brothers, Miles and John sailed from Bristol to Boston in March and April of 1636. His age is confirmed in later statements he makes in those wonderfully voluminous records kept by the New England towns. (Thank you, all you Puritan beaureaucrats!)

Are we related to J. P. Morgan?  In response to a request, I checked it out. Nope. Unfortunately, the millionaire Morgan descended from James’ brother Miles.  James family, however, claims the honor of a Presidential wife–Lucy Webb Hayes, wife of Rutherford B. Hayes descended directly from James Morgan.

Once James arrives in America, the record becomes much clearer. By 1640, he shows up in Roxbury, Massachusetts, where he marries Margery Hill. In 1643, the town grants him the rights of a freeman (full citizen.) The couple settled in Roxbury and had a daughter and four sons (the last one dying within his first year) before they moved on to Connecticut.

Boston and Roxbury

Boston area colonial map. Roxbury (south) and Cambridge (west). Note that the bay has not been filled in and Boston City is an island.

I am amused–or bemused–by the fact that my grandson, visiting in Boston, met and married a young woman from Roxbury more than 360 years after James married Margery in Roxbury.

JAMES AND MARGERY MORGAN’S FAMILY

Hannah Morgan (Royce) 1642-1706

Hannah married Nehimiah Royce in 1660 in Groton CT and when she died, they had been living in Wallingford CT. Other than birth and marriage record, I know nothing else at present time about Hannah.

Captain James Morgan (Jr.) 1643-1711

James, like his father, was both a leader in the church and in the town. He served as a Deacon in the Groton church and also as Chief Magistrate and one of the first Town Selectmen.  He was moderator of every town meeting until he died and then his two sons took over the job. James had three boys and three girls. He inherited his father’s farm. James served as the Capt. of the “train band”, local militia in Groton in 1692 and Commander of the Dragoon Force of New London County in 1693/4. Keep in mind the military service of James Jr. and his brother John took place under the British, an irony since their father presumably left Wales/England because of enimity with the British.

Captain John Morgan 1645-1712

John, my direct ancestor (6 x great grandfather) married a second time after his first wife died. He had seven children with his first wife and eight with his second.  The second of his children in the first family is my 5 x great grandfather, Samuel Morgan.  John Morgan moved from Groton to Preston Connecticut where he also took community leadership roles as Indian Commissioner and Deputy to the General Court. He had served in that office from New London in 1690 and then from Preston in 1693.

Lt. Joseph Morgan 1646-1704

Joseph and his wife and family lived in Preston, which split off from Norton Connecticut.  He had one son and nine daughters.  The one son was a colorful preacher–popular in the pulpit, but getting kicked out of a couple of churches with accusations of practicing astrology, encouraging dancing and other nefarious activities.

Two other children of James Sr.died in infancy.

PEQUOT/GROTON CONNECTICUT

In 1650, James moved his family to the new settlement of Pequot in Connecticut, later known as New London. Reading the story in the book, James Morgan and His Descendants, reminds me what a godforsaken wilderness this was that these optimistic souls were seeking to turn into farms and towns. There he built a log cabin “on a path to New Street.”

The land was rocky and the Indians had not been gone long. Later in 1650, the “James Morgan” book relates from a contemporary record, “James Morgan hath given him about 6 acres of upland where the wigwams were, in the path that goes from his house towards Culvers, among the rocky hills.”

In 1656, he moved across the river to the area that was subsequently named Groton. Apparently the land there is more amenable to farming, and he thrived. There he rose to prominence in the community, being appointed First Deputy (from Groton) to the General Court at Hartford, and being reappointed nine times. He took leadership roles in the church as well.

In another geographical coincidence, my oldest son trained in the U. S. Navy submarine service in Groton in the 1980s. He only missed his 8x great-grandfather by 330 years.

In 1668 the tax records show James as third wealthiest land holder in the town, with a worth of £250.

James died in Groton in 1685, leaving his home farm to his son James. The property continued to pass on from James to James to James for six generations, and when the family history was written in 1846, the property still belonged to a member of the Morgan clan. And many of the Morgans stayed put in Groton for a very long time.  My 3x grandfather, Jesse Morgan Sr. was born there.

James Morgan (Sr.) and his wife Margery are buried in Avery-Morgan Burial Ground in Groton Connecticut. (The Hale Headstone Inscriptions mentioned below places them in a Hartford Cemetery, but the Avery-Morgan is much more likely.) This memorial plaque honors James Morgan at the Avery-Morgan Burial Ground.

James Morgan memorial

James Morgan Memorial at the Avery-Morgan Burial Grounds, Groton CT.

(The two families are related through the marriage of James’ grandson William to Margaret Avery, daughter of James Avery)

The plaque says,

Erected to the memory of the founders of the first Avery and the first Morgan families in America whose graves are near this site.

[on the left hand side]

Capt. James Avery

1620-1700

His wife, Joanna Greenslade

[and on the right hand side]

James Morgan

1607-1685

His wife, Margery Hill

Two pioneer families joined. Just as when Mary Bassett, whose 5 x great grandfather William Bassett was the first of the Bassetts who arrived in America married Jesse Morgan, whose 3 x great grandfather, James Morgan was the first of his clan.

How I am Related

  • Vera Marie Badertscher is the daughter of
  • Harriette Anderson Kaser, who is the daughter of
  • Vera Stout Anderson, who is the daughter of
  • Harriet (Hattie) Morgan Stout, who is the daughter of
  • Jesse Morgan, who is the son of
  • Jesse Morgan (Sr), who is the son of
  • Timothy Morgan, who is the son of
  • Samuel Morgan, who is the son of
  • John Morgan, who is the son of
  • James Morgan (Sr.), first settler in America.

Notes on Research

James Morgan and His Descendants, Nathaniel H. Morgan,1869, from North America, Family Histories, 1500-2000, Ancestry.com

Connecticut Census, 1668, New London, New London County, James Morgan, resident, part of  Connecticut, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1790-1890, Ancestry.com

Connecticut, Deaths and Burials Index, 1650-1934, Ancestry.com, James Morgan

Connecticut, Hale Cemetery Inscriptions and Newspaper Notices, James Morgan,1629-1934, Ancestry.com

Massachusetts Applications of Freemen, 1630-91, James Morgan, Ancestry.com

Massachusetts, Town and Vital Records, Roxbury, 1630-1867, James Morgaine and Margery Hill, Ancestry.com

U.S. and Canada, Passenger and Immigration Lists Index, 1500s-1900s, Place: Massachusetts; Year: 1636; Page Number: 49, James Morgan 1636, Ancestry.com

U.S., Find A Grave Index, 1700s-Current, James Morgan

Welsh Skillet Cakes: A Tribute to Welsh Ancestors

This simple recipe for a traditional Welsh food, Welsh Skillet Cakes produces a nice little breakfast cake, or a snack for tea time.  One site describes them as half way between biscuit and pancake. It is also closely related to the scone.

Welsh Skillet Cakes

Welsh Cakes with Irish Butter–a special treat.

I used the recipe from the Wales. com website for the Welsh skillet cakes that I made, and that is the recipe that I am going to give you.

This recipe calls for measuring by weight, so if you don’t have a scale, you may want to take a look at this Americanized recipe for Welsh skillet cakeswhich I have not tried. I compared the two, and besides the fact that the All Recipes recipe makes about 4 times the quantity, it leaves out the little bit of spice in the Welsh recipe I used.  It uses more baking powder and more shortening. (I’m sure you could go with all butter instead of half lard, although the lard undoubtedly contributes a flakiness.)

As I point out in the notes, I did not use any milk at all, so I would suggest Judging by the feel of the dough, rather than just automatically adding milk in a specific amount.

Although the recipe I used did not suggest resting the dough in the refrigerator before rolling, that probably would make the Welsh skillet cakes easier to handle, so next time I will take the extra time to to that.

Breakfast or tea time–eaten cold, or warm from the stove, or rewarmed in the toaster–these easy-to-make treats will become a regular in our house. A tip of the hat to my Welsh ancestors in aprons as I make this traditional Welsh food.

Welsh Cakes

Serves 4-5
Prep time 15 minutes
Cook time 20 minutes
Total time 35 minutes
Allergy Egg, Milk, Wheat
Meal type Breakfast, Snack
Misc Child Friendly, Freezable, Pre-preparable, Serve Cold, Serve Hot
Region European
Website Wales.com
Welsh cakes are a cross between a biscuit and a pancake. Similar to a scone, they are baked on a griddle or iron skillet and delicious for breakfast or for afternoon tea.

Ingredients

  • 8oz white flour
  • 4oz butter
  • 3oz white sugar
  • 2oz currants (See note about alternates)
  • 1/2 teaspoon baking powder
  • 1/4 teaspoon mixed spice (Use pumpkin pie spice mix, or combine cinnamon, cloves,nutmeg to taste)
  • 1 egg
  • pinch salt
  • milk to blend (if needed)

Directions

1. Sift or whisk together flour, baking powder, salt, and spices.
2. Cut butter in small bits and rub into flour with fingers until there are no large clumps.
3. With spoon, stir in sugar, fruit, beaten egg to form a dough. Add 1/2 tsp milk at a time if needed. Dough should be thick and not very moist. DO NOT OVERMIX.
4. Roll dough out on a lightly floured surface to 1/4" thick. Cut with biscuit cutter or glass into 2 1/2- or 3-inch rounds.
5. Cook on lightly greased griddle or iron skillet until golden color turning as necessary. Use low heat so they will cook all the way through without too much browning on outside.
6. Cool and sprinkle with coarse white sugar or with a cinammon sugar mix. Serve with butter.
7. These can be served hot or cold. To reheat, simply pop into toaster on low setting. They also freeze well.

Note

Welsh Cakes are quite adaptable. Although the traditional way of making them is with currants, I used dried cranberries. The Wales.com website suggests "as an alternative you can use mixed dried fruit or tropical fruit. Some grated lemon or orange rind is also good. An unusual but delicious addition is 1 teaspoon of lavender flowers with some citrus zest. Add a little orange juice, zest and icing sugar to some soft butter to serve with the Welsh cakes."

I served the Welsh cakes for breakfast, but if you were going to serve them for tea, you could certainly use any of the heavenly clotted creams or curds that you can buy or make.

I indulged by buying Irish butter to spread on my Welsh cakes.

Wales, Food From Another Homeland

The Culture and Food of Wales

Women in Welsh costumes

Women Taking Tea. Toward the end of the 19th century, there was  a fad of making postcards of people in traditional Welsh costumes. Ahh, those hats!!

That delightful photo is part of a large collection of rescued 19th century photos that is held by the National Museum Wales. You can see 104 of them on Flicker and learn more at the collection’s web site. There are a few Morgans identified in this collections, but although they might be distantly related, I have to keep in mind that the Morgan brothers that left for America had been gone for about 200 years when these pictures were taken.

“Welsh expats can be found around the world, but many have emigrated to the United States, in particular Ohio, Idaho and Pennsylvania.” The Guardian Newspaper on line.

That description closely fits the pattern of the Morgan family, my ancestors stretching back from great-great-grandfather Jesse Morgan.  Although when two Morgan brothers left Wales they originally settled in New England, within a few generations, they had moved to Pennsylvania and then on to Ohio.  One of Jesse’s sisters and several of his nephews and nieces lived in Oregon–not Idaho, but next door.

Oddly enough, a strong Welsh community survives in the Argentinian province of Patagonia.  As far as I know, none of Jesse Morgan’s relatives ventured as far as Patagonia. (But I wouldn’t mind an excuse to travel there.)

I want to know more about being Welsh.  Since the ancestors I have explored earlier were mainly English, Scots-Irish or German and Dutch, Wales is a new location with new traditions to look at.  Yes, still Great Britain, but with a very distinctive culture.

The Foods of Wales

Of course, I explored Welsh foods first! Although Jesse Morgan, my great-great-grandfather, was a member of the sixth generation in America, surely some of the traditional foods must have still been served. Lamb is a mainstay of the Welsh diet. Did my New England and Pennsylvania Welsh ancestors raise lambs? And I need to learn about Caerphilly cheese, a Welsh native cheese. Did they attempt to replicate native Welsh cheeses? Did the women of the family stick to tried and true native bread and cake recipes?

Welsh Cheese

Welsh Caerphilly Cheese

A great source is the website Wales.com and its page on Welsh food. I know that for sure I will be trying Welsh cakes–a skillet bread I also like the look of Bara Brith (speckled bread)–a kind of melding of fruit cake and bread that looks dense and rich, like Boston Brown Bread.

Welsh Bread

Welsh Bara Brith Bread

Ancestors in Aprons already shared a recipe for Welsh rarebit, and a discussion of the name.  In Wales, they add a variety of ingredients.

How I would love to take a culinary tour of Wales , attend a food festival, or at least visit some Welsh markets

The Living Language of Wales

On the one hand, I want to relate to the Welsh, but on the other hand, do I want to learn to speak the language?

It’s called Cymraeg, and is a language with entirely regular and phonetic spelling. Our place names may look complicated but once you know the rules, you can learn to read and pronounce Welsh fairly easily.

Our Celtic language is closely related to Cornish and Breton and is one of Europe’s oldest living languages; the Welsh we speak today is directly descended from the language of the sixth century.” Wales.com

Despite the assurances of the website–it does not look easy to me. Take the longest word:

Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch

Ah well, the Welsh national saying is  Gwnewch y Pethau Bychain  which means ‘Do the Little Things’. So I think I’ll start with cooking instead of talking.