I don’t mean to play favorites with my ancestors. Really I don’t. But sometimes somebody surfaces that I just feel a strong connection with. Jane Morrow Cochran, a 4th great-aunt, is one of those. Jane was the great- aunt of my great-great grandmother, Emeline Cochran Stout , the sister of Emeline’s father, Col. William Cochran.
How can you resist, when you find this description of Jane Morrow Cochran Moore?
“The old lady presided at the feast and was the life of the party, full of animation and joyousness for all her 84 years, telling stories of early times in Guernsey [county, Ohio] and talking of the old days in Cambridge [Ohio] and the people who are no more.”
Jane Morrow Cochran 1800-1887
Jane was born into that enormous family of Alexander Cochran, the last of the children to be born before Alex moved everybody from Pennsylvania to Ohio Territory around 1802, so she surely grew up identifying more with Ohio than Pennsylvania and taking in stride the hard work of settlers in a raw forest land who built a farm and started toward civilization. She was seven years younger than her brother, my direct ancestor Col. William Cochran.
We don’t know much about Jane’s life in Guernsey County, Ohio up until the age of 39 or 40, but about that time, she married Robert Bines Moore, who had fought in the War of 1812 at the age of 22. After the war he had married Catherine Brengle Comber, with whom he had (probably) nine or ten children. Catherine died, probably as a result of childbirth in 1839. Their youngest child was born that year.
I have determined the identities of five of those children, but am not certain how many step-children Jane would actually be looking after. I do know that after Jane married Robert B. Moore, she had a son in 1843. At that time, I know that Moore’s children from his first marriage included Andrew (23), J. G. (20), Elizabeth (18), Cyrus (7) and George W. (4). These names and ages are calculated from the 1860 census when George W., and R. A. (Robert Alexander) are still at home, and from information at Find a Grave.
On the 1840 “chicken scratch” census report from Guernsey County, Ohio, I can account for all of these children, and Jane as the wife, but there should also be a male child and a female child between 10 and 15 , and three females between 15 and 30. (Note on the 2nd image, that Alexander Cochran, Jane’s father was next door to Robert Bines Moore.) “Rob” Moore did not go far to find his second wife.
Family trees on Ancestry.com list:
- Andrew Bines Moore (b. 1820)
- ? Susan Gomber Moore (1821)
- Jacob Gomber Moore (1823)
- Elizabeth Moore (Beal) (1824)
- ? Thomas Moore (1826)
- Catharine Gomber Moore (Green) (1830)
- ? Harriet Moore (1832)
- Cyrus Parkinson Beatty Moore (1836)
- George Washington More (1838)
and Jane’s only child: Robert Alexander Campbell Moore (1843)
I have put question marks before those for whom I can find no documentation other than family trees. Many list Maria (1832) based on the 1860 census, but as you will see below, she was not a child of Robert Bines Moore.
According to an entry at Find a Grave, in 1846, Robert Bines Moore, now a General, commanded a detachment of Ohio Volunteers who fought in the U.S.-Mexican War to win California for the United States. [California and the Southwest were Mexican territory, ceded by the Spanish, when the war started in 1846. ] However, I cannot find him listed in a document purporting to list all soldiers and officers of the Mexican-American war. He is referred to as General in several mentions, including some papers filed with his will.
Whether he was in the war in California or not, he and Jane and the children , even those who were adults, moved to California some time before 1855. (Since he was elected to office in that year, it is probable that they moved a few years before.) This part of their life is so interesting, that I have decided to write a separate post about early California.
Deaths Decimate the Moore Family
If the family trees who list Susan Gomber Moore and Thomas Moore as two more children are correct, those two were the first children to die. Thomas would have been nineteen in 1845 and Susan would have been 25 in 1846 when they passed away, presumably in Ohio before the family moved to California.
The 1860 census shows Maria Moore, widow of Moore’s oldest son (with his first wife) living with Jane and Robert Moore. Although this census does not specify relationships, Maria was a daughter-in-law. Maria’s husband Andrew Bines Moore had died at the age of 37, reportedly of pleuresy. The census was taken in June of 1860, and in the winter a epidemic of typhoid swept through their area. Maria, who cared for others who were sick, according to one account, died of typhoid fever in December 1860. While I do not have proof that it was typhoid, Moore’s son Cyrus Parkinson Beatty Moore also died that year. He was just twenty-four years old. A daughter Hariett listed in some family trees might have also died in the same year at 28 years old.
The 1860s continued to take its toll on the family when Elizabeth Moore, married to John Beal/Beale died in 1864, leaving a young daughter. The daughter, Mary was living with Robert Alexander Campbell Moore in 1870.
In 1865, George Washington Moore, the youngest of General Moore’s children with his first wife, also died. It is possible that he was a soldier in the Civil War, but I have not tracked that down.
The General’s Bequests
Then in 1866, General Moore himself wrote his will at the end of September and died on October 2.
He left everything to his wife Jane and their son Robert Alexander Campbell Moore. In case R.A.C. Moore did not have children, there were some bequests to Catherine Green, his daughter and her husband, Dr. James Green and their children, as well as another Green in Guernsey County and a man in California.
“Everything” included the farm on the Fernandez Grant in Butte County, containing 1,363 acres, house and furniture, farm animals and equipment and the right to run the ferry. (see post on early California).
It is sad that of his eleven children, only Catharine, Jacob G. and Robert Alexander Campbell survived him. Jacob (known as J.G.) was named as executor of the estate. Presumably he did not share in the inheritance because he was very well off in his own right. He was a physician and owned a farm large enough to require four farmhands to run it. Later he moved to San Francisco where the 1870 census shows that he had what was probably a political appointment in the customs house. The fact that his personal worth was only $750 leads me to believe he may have lost money in some bad business deals. And why was he no longer practicing medicine? Mysteries for someone else to solve.
“General” Moore was buried in Hamilton, Butte County, California, but was honored in Guernsey County by another marker (cenotaph) at the Guernsey County Founder’s Cemetery. He was a pioneer in Ohio Territory and then in a California just emerging from Spanish rule–from haciendas to gold mining and modern developments.
Jane continued to run the farm for some time alone with R.A.C. living on the next farm over. But when she was 80, in 1880, she was living with her son Robert Alexander Moore and his wife on their farm near Hamilton California. (This of course could be the same farm that Robert’s father farmed, but I have not researched properties lines.)
Her 84th birthday is referred to in the quote at the beginning of this page. The party was attended by two children and and eight grandchildren. Another quote from the paper:
R. M. Green of Oroville was present and by one of the party who had recently been in Cambridge [Ohio] skillfully drew out “Aunt Jane” about the old inhabitants until she fairly excelled herself.
Jane passed away in 1886, after a life of pioneering, like her husband, in two states.
Photo of his headstone in the Founders Cemetery , Cambridge , Guernsey County , Ohio .
Was Taken By Carole Marie (McMahan) Selby
How I Am Related
- Vera Marie Kaser Badertscher is the daughter of
- Harriette Anderson Kaser who is the daughter of
- Vera Stout Anderson, who is the daughter of
- William Cochran Stout, who is the son of
- Emeline Cochran Stout, who is the daughter of
- Col. William Cochran, who is the brother of
- Jane Morrow Cochran Moore
Notes on Research
Like you I have certain ancestors who compel me to research them. Also I too have a 2x great-aunt named Jane who led an interesting life. I enjoyed your article.
Kendra–so I’m not the only one who gets drawn off my intended path by good stories! I guess Jane is a good/dangerous name to give a lady!
Well done and interesting. It is the first time I’ve seen a pre-1850 census referred to as the “chicken scratch” census.
Cathy: Chicken Scratch is what I thought the first time I looked at one of those, and so I’ve been calling them that ever since. Glad you enjoyed the post. Thanks for reading.
I am related threw my DNA to Cockran/Moore down through George Washington Moore/ Herald Moore/ Lloyd Moore and either Ronald or Fredric Moore is my father. I have DNA through Lloyd and Liala I am doing my Ancestry tree. and Learning so much. I am only one Lloyds 2 boys had no children so I won’t know exactly who my father is. That’s where I belong in the tree.
Shaun: I believe that George Washington Moore was the son of General Moore’s first wife rather than Jane Cochran, so, alas, you and I are not related, and you are not related to the Cochrans. My research indicates that Robert Bines Moore’s first wife, Catherine Gomber died the same year that George Washington Moore was born (January 1839), so probably died in child birth. Robert Moore and Jane Cochran married in 1840. Jane’s only child was Robert Alexander Moore, born in 1843. Good luck with your research. Looks like you are getting very close to finding your father.
Ok so I am confused You’re not related To Gen. Moore and I am. Or I’m not related to Jane Cochran and you are? Not sure, looking at the tree. I have to go back to searching after I write this, so please educate me a little. so you would be like a half. I taled To the one still alive he won’t do a DNA Test. However, as soon as the Virus is over I hope we are both still around, and if he is my Father or Uncle, I will get to meet him. He told Me I am only. They both did not have children.
I Looked up Robert and Andrew Jr and Andrew SR I by far am not a pro at this. Did not find out my dad was not my dad till 2 or 3 years ago. So why and how is it important. But this came up, on all 3 searches. This is very informative. I have messed up on my tree and don’t want to do it again. 1 mess up could cost 200 people. Down below Geroge Washington Moore is correct. Have checked and double-checked. Still working on some there.
Ok, so You’re like a very distant step-cousin and not directly related to the Moore DNA. Thank you! I think? Still Kind of confused but If I work hard at it I might be as good as you. If you are interested I can try to let you see my tree It is confusing. Because my mother was born “Baby girl” and needless to say adopted. and I was taken away from the DNA bloodline before birth, and till 50 Dad was the father. So I am trying to separate, DNA from Adopted. I am looking and may have some of the Moore family that you have( ?) next to
According to DNA, I match with 2, I’m not going to say it’s correct. She is my 4th great grand aunt. Robert Moore and Anna Moore> Alice and Billie Then Roger and under Billie is Private and my DNA match And under Roger is Deanna and another DNA match. If this is correct let me know Please. However, I have 18 DNA matches through col. William Cochran and 3 Through John Henderson C. and only 1 through Brohielia Cochran If you can check. I am confused.