Category Archives: family

Aaron Stout: New Jersey Stouts Scatter

Aaron Stout 1780-1864

Last time, I talked about a great uncle (Josiah Stout) of my great-great grandfather Isaiah Stout (1822). Another brother, Aaron Stout wound up closer geographically to the location of my great-great grandfather Isaiah, but Aaron traveled from New Jersey perhaps before Isaiah was born. Aaron Stout’s children scattered throughout the Midwest.

To keep the generations consistent, I am using the system of numbering starting with Richard Stout, the founder of this Stout family in North America. The generations are (1) Richard, the first to come to North America, (2) David, (3) Freegift, (4) my ancestor Isaac and his brother Obadiah (5) Isaac’s children including my ancestor Isaiah and his brothers Josiah and Aaron, (6) Josiah’s and Aaron’s children.

Generation FIVE: The Children of Isaac Stout (1740) – Aaron Stout

The birth of Josiah in 1780 and Aaron in 1781, might have come as a surprise to parents Isaac Stout (1740), and Mary Quimby Stout. The couple had reached the top edge of middle age, as reckoned in that period when the two were born. The two youngest boys turned out to be the restless ones in the family of six children. Their elder brother Isaiah(1740) (my ancestor) and their sisters all remained in New Jersey.

I have found it difficult to find official records of Aaron’s life. that no doubt at least partly stems from his migration to the still wild lands of Ohio about 1820.

The Historic and Genealogical Miscellany compiled by John Edwin Stillwell from the mid 1850s into the early 1900s provides most of the information I have about this family.

Stillwell tells us that Aaron, son of Isaac and Mary Qumby Stout, married a daughter of Nathaniel Hixson, Mary, but I have not found a record with the exact date. I believe the name of his wife is correct, because Nathanial Hixson’s will was administered by Aaron Stout, and the oldest son of the couple bore the name Nathaniel Hixson Stout. Nathaniel (the son of Aaron) born in 1806, leads me to assume that the couple married about 1805.

Aaron Goes to Ohio

Five of the children of Aaron Stout and Mary — Nathanial (1806-1867) Moses (1808-1887), Ebenezer (1810-1877), Isaac (1817-1891), and Theodore (1819-1907) list the birthplace of New Jersey on Census reports. A sixth child, Rachel Hixson (Biggs) (1824-1876) is recorded as born in Okeana, Butler County, Ohio. Stillwell (mentioned above) also says there was another daughter named Tacey and a daughter named Mary. I cannot verify either of these. Stillwell lists Mary and Rachel as the two youngest children, both born in Ohio. Logic says they would name a daughter Mary, but because there are so many Mary Stouts, I am not willing to spend the time it would take to verify her information.

The birthplaces of the children gives us a clue as to when the family moved to Ohio. It had to be between the birth of Theodore in 1819 and Rachel in 1824 (or earlier if Stillwell is correct and daughter Mary also first appears in Ohio.) Aaron’s biography in Find a Grave states that he migrated to Morgan County, Ohio in 1820, but I do not know their source.

Okeana in Butler County grew up on the Western side of Ohio, not far from Cincinnati.

Aaron Stout gravestone
Presumed gravestone of Aaron Stout in Butler County, Ohio

Whenever he specifically arrived, Aaron stayed put in Okeana, Butler County Ohio for the rest of his life. His children on the other hand, inherited his wandering gene. The two oldest sons wasted no time becoming independent.

Generation SIX: The Children of Aaron Stout

Missouri, Tenessee, Illinois, and Kansas

On this map, I have added the migration of Aaron and his children to that of his brother Josiah and his children. As we have seen, Aaron went to Ohio, from the Stout home base in New Jersey which is marked in red. If you follow the link to the map, you can click on each marker and see the name of the place, the name of the person who settled there and the year that I believe they first settled. I left out some locations where the stay was brief, and left out most of the stopping places of the rolling stone, Isaac Stout.

Nathaniel: Born in New Jersey, according to Find a Grave bio, he moved to St. Louis in 1828 when he was 22, and on to Memphis Tennessee in 1833. He died in Memphis Tennesee in 1867, and his wife is listed as a widow in the Memphis city director in 1883.

Moses: Born in New Jersey, Moses succeeded as a merchant in St. Louis. According to Find a Grave his move to St. Louis occurred in 1828 at the age of 20. In 1830 he married in St. Louis. One book says that Nathaniel and Moses went into business together in St. Louis, and in 1833, Moses bought out his brother Nathaniel. That is when Nathaniel supposedly moved to Memphis. Moses lived as a widow with a daughter’s family in St. Louis in 1880. He died in St. Louis in 1881.

Ebenezer: Born in New Jersey, he would have been about ten when his parents moved to Ohio. Like his brothers, his interests ran to commerce rather than farming. Records show that he married in Fayette Illinois in 1843. By 1850 when he was 40 years old, he and his family lived in Springfield, Illinois, where he worked as a store clerk. His brother Isaac and his mother-in-law live with his family. By 1855 he had moved to Bloomington Illinois. In the 1860 census, that job designation has changed to Merchant. He died in Bloomington in 1877 and his widow still lived in Bloomington when the 1889 city directory was published.

The Rolling Stone, Isaac Stout (1817)

Isaac: Born in New Jersey, Isaac Stout had more trouble finding himself than any of the other children of Aaron Stout, judging by the census record trail he left behind. We first see him aboard a ship sailing from Galveston Texas to New Orleans at the end of November 1839. The ship’s manifest lists the young adventurer (twenty-two years old) as a merchant. In 1850 we see him living with his brother Ebenezer and working as a clerk in Springfield, Illinois. In 1860, he has returned to Ohio, where he works as a merchant in Preble, Washington County, Ohio. He lives with his mother Mary, who is 76. His mother died at 78 years old, and Isaac, the rolling stone, returned to Illinois.

Before he showed up on the 1870 census, however, he married Matilda Montgomery, probably soon after his mother died, and they had three children. The family on the census includes a boy named Benjamin Stout, 13, but Matilda is too young to be Benjamin’s mother. Besides, at the time she was born, she was still living with her family. I have no idea who Benjamin belongs to. Isaac has reached the age of 53 before he has established a family with his much younger wife. Matilda is now 27. They live in McLean, Illinois and Isaac has fallen on bad times. He works as a laborer.

You might think things are looking up for Isaac, the rolling stone, when you see that in 1880, at 63 years old, he has found work as a school teacher. However, school teaching in that period was women’s work, and for men, teaching school probably came as a last resort to someone who couldn’t succeed at anything else. The family has grown by three–now six children. and they have moved to another town, Mt. Pulaski, Illinois.

St. Anthony Home for the Insane and the Aged, Dubuque, Iowa

The sad end for Isaac comes in 1900 when the census shows him listed as an “inmate” a Catholic Institution, St. Anthony Home, located in Dubuque Iowa. St. Anthony’s was Home for the Insane until 1897 when it was expanded to include a Home for the Aged. Those listed at the address include a lot of Sisters and then a list of inmates. Isaac died in 1901. Why Dubuque? I am puzzled because his wife proves hard to trace and I would have expected her to outlive him by many years. I cannot find her in the records after 1880, but perhaps she remarried when or even before Isaac died.

The Daughter, Rachel Stout

Rachel: Not to be outdone, the daughter in the family, Rachel Hixson Stout (Biggs), the only child of Aaron that I know for a fact to have been born in Ohio, ended life in Missouri. Rachel married Hamilton Biggs in 1842 in her family’s home county of Butler in Ohio. However, by 1850 she and her husband had moved a short distance away to Israel Ohio and then moved to Eaton Ohio. She lived in Fairview Kansas in 1870 and died at the age of 52 in Medoc Missouri, in 1876.

P. S. If I were following this family for one more generation, I would have to add Oklahoma to the map. But I am not.

How I Am Related

  • Vera Marie Badertscher is the daughter of
  • Harriette Anderson Kaser, who is the daughter of
  • Vera Stout Anderson, who is the daughter of
  • William Cochran (Doc) Stout, who is the son of
  • Isaiah Stout (1822), who is the son of
  • Isaac Stout (1800), who is the son of
  • Isaiah Stout (1773) who is the son of
  • Isaac Stout (1740), who is also the father of
  • Aaron Stout (1780)

Notes on Research

U. S. Census 1830, 1840 Morgan, Butler County Ohio; 1850 Israel, Preble, Ohio; 1850 Bloomington, Sagamon, Illinois; 1860 Bloomington, McLean, Illinois; 1860 Eaton, Washington, Preble, Ohio; 1860 & 1870 & 1880, St. Louis Missouri; 1870, Bloomington, McLean, Illinois; 1870 West Township, McLean, Illinois; 1870, Fairview, Labette, Kansas; 1880, Mt. Pulaski, Logan, Illinois; 1900, Dubuque, Dubuque, Iowa;

New Orleans, Passenger Lists, 1813-1945 The National Archives at Washington, D.C.; Washington, D.C.; Passenger Lists of Vessels Arriving at New Orleans, Louisiana, 1820-1902; NAI Number: 2824927; Record Group Title: Records of the Immigration and Naturalization Service; Record Group Number: 85; Isaac Stout, Departure from Galveston Texas; 28 Nov 1839 . Accessed at

New Jersey, Marriage Records, 1670-1965 ; Hunterdon County, New Jersey; Nathaniel Hixson Stout and Catherine Brewer, 25 Sep 1833 . Accessed at

Ohio, County Marriages, 1774-1993; Butler County, Ohio; Rachel Stout and Hamilton Biggs; 29 Apr 1842 . Accessed at

Illinois, Marriage Index, 1860-1920 ; Fayette, Illinois, Ebenezer Stout and Huldah Briggs, 18 Apr 1843. Accessed at

Tennessee, Wills and Probate Records, 1779-2008 ; Probate Records (Shelby County, Tennessee); Author: Tennessee Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions (Shelby County); Probate Place: Shelby, Tennessee Nathaniel Hixson Stout, 11 Oct 1867 Accessed at

Missouri, Wills and Probate Records, 1766-1988: Author: Missouri. Probate Court (St. Louis City); Probate Place: St Louis, Missouri : Moses Stout, 3 Feb 1881 , Case Number 13863. Accessed at

Historic and Genealogical Miscellany : Data Relating to the Settlement and Settlers of New York and New Jersey, Vol. IV, John Stillwell M.D. , Self Published, New York: 1903 , Digital edition available at

Stout and Allied Families,Vol. I, Herald F. Stout, Capt. USN , Dover Ohio: Eagle Press:1951, Accessed on

The history of the Stout family : first settling in Middletown, Monmouth County, New Jersey, Nathan Stout, 1823. Accessed at

Find a Grave website Aaron Stout; Mary Hixson; Nathaniel Hixson Stout; Moses Stout; Ebenezer Stout; Isaac Stout; Rachel Stout.

Josiah Stout

Josiah Stout 1780-1862

This continues my search for the motivation that drove my great-great-grandfather, Isaiah Stout (1822) to leave New Jersey for Ohio at the age of 17. Isaiah Stout’s Great Uncle, Josiah Stout, left New Jersey, but not until he was an elderly man. Josiah’s son Charles, Isaiah’s first cousin (1 time removed) who provided a closer role model to Isaiah for leaving New Jersey. However Charles migrated to Illinois, rather than to Ohio. And Isaiah’s great uncle Josiah followed his son when the father was about 75 years old.

To keep the generations consistent, I am using the system of numbering starting with Richard Stout, the founder of this Stout family in North America. (CORRECTED Jan 2020) The generations are (1) Richard, (2) David, (3) Freegift, (4) my ancestor Isaac and his brother Obadiah (5) Isaac’s children including my ancestor Isaiah and his brothers Josiah and Aaron, (6) Josiah’s and Aaron’s children.

His biography at Find a Grave describes Josiah as a prominent businessman in the shipping business. Other sources call him a prominent New Jersey businessman. He must have been a wheeler dealer in need of money for investments, because we have seen that his father, Isaac Stout (1740) mentioned in his will a loan to Josiah plus another loan for which the father had co-signed.

Generation Five: Josiah Stout and Wife Ann Go to Brooklyn

The 1850 census shows Josiah (70) and his wife Ann (69) living in New York with their Daughter Cornelia L. Bauduoine and her four children (ages 2-11).  They had moved there about 1848.

Generation Six: Cornelia Goes To New York and to Illinois

Josiah’s daughter Cornelia had married Abraham Baudoine in New Jersey in 1837 and they had one daughter before they moved to New York in 1839. There they had four more children. However, Abraham Bauduoine died in 1848, possibly before the birth of the son named for him, as the census lists the boy as two years old in 1850.  

Cornelia remarried in 1855 in Illinois, and by 1860 had lived in Canton, Fulton County, Illinois. Her second husband, Reuben Huff, brought a son, William to the marriage.

Generation Five: Josiah Stout and Wife Ann Move West

This first map of Stout migrations shows the home base in Hunterdon County, Cornelia in Brooklyn, Cornelia and later Charles in Canton Illinois, and Charles in Spring Lake Illinois.

Generation Six: Charles Goes to Illinois

The elderly couple, Josiah and Ann, resettled in Tazewell County, Illinois where their son Charles Steward Sr. lived with his family. According to the 1850 census, Charles had three children born in New Jersey before 1840, a son born in New York in 1840, and three more children born in New Jersey before 1850. The 1860 census gives us proof of approximately when he moved to Illinois. The family had another daughter born in New Jersey in 1853, but their young son was born in 1858 in Illinois.

So we know that Charles moved to Spring Lake, (Tazewell County) Illinois between 1853 and 1858. The motivation was probably economic. In 1850 the census shows him as “no occupation”, but once he moves to Illinois, he becomes a farmer. Since Charles’ mother, Ann Prall Stout died in Tazewell County in 1856, Charles probably moved around 1854 or 1855, when the elder Stouts had reason to leave New York.

Josiah continued to live with Charles until he died in 1862. So although Josiah left New Jersey, as did Charles, it does not seem that their migration has much to do with Isaiah. However, Isaac 1740, Josiah’s father, had another son, Aaron, who might have been a more direct influence. Next we will explore Aaron’s story.

See the map with details here.

How I Am Related

  • Vera Marie Badertscher is the daughter of
  • Harriette Anderson Kaser, who is the daughter of
  • Vera Stout Anderson, who is the daughter of
  • William Cochran (Doc) Stout, who is the son of
  • Isaiah Stout (1822), who is the son of
  • Isaac Stout (1800), who is the son of
  • Isaiah Stout (1773) who is the son of
  • Isaac Stout (1740), who is also the father of
  • Josiah Stout (1780)

Notes on Research

United States Census , Brooklyn New York 1850; North Brunswick, Middlesex, New Jersey 1850; Spring Lake, Tazewell, Illinois, 1860; Canton, Fulton County Illinois 1860 and 1870 and 1880 and 1900;

Illinois, Marriage Index, 1860-1920 Cornelia L Bandowine (sic) and Reuben Huff ,6 Sep 1855, Fulton, Illinois. Accessed at

New Jersey, Marriage Records, 1670-1965 Cornelia L Stout and Abraham Baudoine , 20 Apr 1837,Middlesex, New Jersey, Accessed at Ancestry. Com

New Jersey, Marriage Records, 1670-1965 Charles Stout and Mary R. Fisher; 14 August 1832, Accessed at

Find a Grave, Cornelia Louise Stout Huff; Josiah Stout; “Ann” Nancy Prall; Charles Stout

Isaac Stout (1740): Two Children Go West

Isaac Stout (1740)-(1823)

As I track the movements of members of the Stout family before my 2x great grandfather, Isaiah, who settled in Ohio, I finally run into some fellow wanderers. Isaac Stout (1740), my 5th great-grandfather, was not a wanderer.

The Stouts Who Left New Jersey

  • To review, my 2x great Grandfather, Isaiah Stout (1822), trekked to Ohio in 1839.
  • His father, Isaac Stout (1800) remained in New Jersey. At least one of this Isaac’s brothers, Elisha, had moved to Butler County Ohio by 1830.
  • His grandfather, Isaiah Stout (1773) also remained in New Jersey. Of Isaiah’s brothers, however, one moved to Illinois as an old man to join one of his children; and one brother, Aaron, moved to Putnam County, Ohio in 1820. Aaron’s family deserves a separate post because six of his children scattered around the west.
  • Isaac Stout (1740) Isaiah’s (1822) great-grandfather, and my 5th great grandfather stayed in New Jersey all his life.
  • `However, Isaac (1840)’s brother Obadiah (1735) and Obadiah’s family were adventurers who settled early in Kentucky, Ohio and points west, from as early as 1780. He also warrants a separate post. As does his grandson, Elisha (1837), born in Ohio and wanderer throughout the west.
  • Equally early, Jedidiah (1757) a cousin of Obadiah and his sister Mary (Prall) went to Kentucky.

In other words, there were several related Stout families who had gone “west” from New Jersey by the time that Isaiah (1822) made his journey. None of the other ones, however, settled in the southeastern corner of Ohio as Isaiah (1822) did. Therefore, I will continue to trace, and write about members of the Stout family in hopes of answering my original question. Why did my 2x great grandfather choose to settle in Guernsey County, Ohio?

I have written about Isaiah (1822), his father, Isaac (1800), and his grandfather and namesake Isaiah (1773). It is now the turn of his great-grandfather, Isaac (1740).

The Life of Isaac Stout (1740)

Isaac Stout, my 5th great-grandfather, was born in what would later be known as Cloverhill, Hunterdon County, New Jersey to Freegift Stout (1693-1770) and Mary Higgins (1699-1773). I have not found the source of Isaac’s name, which later was a popular name for Stout sons. There were five children in the family already when Isaac was born: Jedidiah, Rebecca, Freegift Jr., Mary and Obadiah. The family grew by five more after Isaac: Rachel, Sarah, James, Joshua and Jane. Of these siblings of Isaac, by far the most fascinating is Obadiah, and we will be getting better acquainted with him later.

On September 30, 1765, when he was twenty-five years old, Isaac married Mary Quimby (1740-1793). Twenty-five year old Mary was the daughter of Isaiah Quimby and Elizabeth Hall according to a book called Stout and Allied Families. The surname appears as both Quimby and Quinby in records.

Four years after his marriage, Isaac inherited land from his father, and was given the responsibility of maintaining his mother after his father, Freegift, died. The land Isaac inherited occupied most of the home “plantation”, and the house his family had occupied after his marriage.

The Six Children of Isaac Stout (1740)

According to the book, Stout and Allied Families, all of his children were born in that same place, and all survived until adulthood, although the oldest daughter died at 19 years old.

  • Rachel (1768), named for Isaac’s sister Rachel Stout Rounsavell, died at 19.
  • Isaiah (1773), named for his maternal grandfather, Isaiah Quinby, became my 4th great-grandfather.
  • Josiah(1760), Died in Tazewell County, Illinois in 1862 when widowed. Apparently following a child.
  • Aaron (1780), Moved to Ohio and named a son Isaac, which adds to the confusion of the names Isaiah Stout and Isaac Stout. Some of his children continued to wander.
  • Sarah (Birth date unknown, but Find a Grave says 1770)
  • Mary (Birth date unknown but Find a Grave says 1772)

Man Marries Two Sisters

Besides the absence of a birth record, Sarah and Mary have something else in common. They married the same man. Elisha Sharp, a friend of the family, first married Sarah, and when she died in 1790, he married her sister Mary. (Find a Grave shows Mary’s tombstone and says she died in 1810. However, she was still alive when her father wrote his will in 1823.)

Isaac’s Sparse Record

In 1777, Isaac was made executor on the will of Richard Rounsavill, husband of his sister Rachel who describes him as “my beloved brother-in-law”.

Although he lived through the Revolutionary War as a grown man, I cannot prove whether Isaac Stout (1740) was a soldier. It is likely that he at least served in the militia, as that was mandatory, and I have no indication that he had physical impairments that would eliminate him as a soldier.

In 1793, Isaac appears on the tax rolls of Essex County. However, I believe he probably owned land there because I have no indication that he ever lived anywhere other than Hunterdon County.

Isaac’s Will

Nearly everything that I know about Isaac comes from his will. He outlived his wife, Mary Quimby Stout by twenty years and apparently did not remarry. Mary died in 1793 according to the book by Nathan Stout. She is buried in the Stout-Manners Cemetery in Ringoes, New Jersey. Isaac also outlived several of his children–Rachel, Isaiah, and Sarah.

Isaac clearly prospered as a farmer. Based on his will, we know that he raised at the least, grain and flax, and that he raised sheep and at least some hogs. He accumulated enough wealth to own a corner cupboard, Franklin Stove, and an eight-day clock. The first two willed to his daughter Mary Sharp and the clock to his grandson Isaac Stout (my 3rd great- grandfather), son of Isaiah Stout.

It is somewhat unusual that the homestead went to his youngest (and only surviving) daughter, rather than to a son. However, she is required to pay $6000 over three years, and that money presumably goes into the estate of the other surviving children. This is no doubt at least partially because Aaron had left for Ohio, and was not interested in New Jersey land. He therefore is given $4,000 dollars over three years. Aaron’s son Moses is also alloted $200, to be “put on interest” until Moses is 21.

The will also testifies that Isaac helped his children. He was co-signer on a loan with the State Bank of New Brunswick in the name of his son Josiah Stout as well holding a bond for $1000 pounds. His will forgives the bond, but requires payment of the bank loan if Josiah is to inherit full share. The remainder of the estate is divided equally between Aaron Stout and the children of the deceased Isaiah.

A Hint of Slavery

The most intriguing sections of Isaac’s will read:

Eleventh, I give to Sarah Ann Bodine sufficient clothing from a piece of cloth the wool for which is now preparing.

Twelfth, It is my will that my Executors shall permit my black man named Ben begin a search of a place a reasonable length of time at the expiration of three months after my decease or sooner if they choose.

Will of Isaac Stout, 1823

Who is Ben and who is Sarah Ann Bodine? I am assuming that Sarah Ann Bodine is a servant. Whether she is black or white remains a mystery. As for “Ben”, we know he is “a black man”–different terminology than “negro” used in most legal papers I have seen of that period. And if Ben is being given time to “search for a place” rather than being included as part of Isaac’s property, does that mean he was a free black man rather than an enslaved person?

Isaac Stout died some time between writing his will in July of 1823 and the probating of the will in October of that year. He was buried beside his wife Mary in the Stout-Manners cemetery in Ringoes, Hunterdon County, New Jersey. The Stout and the Manners families were closely connected, and both were pioneers of that area.

Later, I will devote an entire post later to the enslaved people connected to the Stout family of New Jersey. Since I do not have Southern ancestors, and black slavery was not as prevalent in New England or the frontier, I have not previously run into slavery, and was surprised to learn about the extent of very early black slavery in the Northeast and particularly among the Dutch settlers in New Jersey and New York.

How I Am Related

  • Vera Marie Badertscher is the daughter of
  • Harriette Anderson Kaser, who is the daughter of
  • Vera Stout Anderson, who is the daughter of
  • William Cochran (Doc) Stout, who is the son of
  • Isaiah Stout (1822), who is the son of
  • Isaac Stout (1800), who is the son of
  • Isaiah Stout (1773) who is the son of
  • Isaac Stout (1740).

Notes on Research

New Jersey, Marriage Records, 1683-1802 , Isaac Stout and Mary Quimby, 30 Sep 1765, Accessed at

New Jersey, Wills and Probate Records, 1739-1991, Probate Records, 1785-1919 ; General Index to Estates, 1804-1970; Author: New Jersey. Surrogate’s Court (Hunterdon County); Probate Place: Hunterdon, New Jersey , Isaac Stout, July 1823, Hunterdon, New Jersey. Accessed on

Will of Richard Rounsvell, accessed as image at

New Jersey, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1643-1890 , Isaac Stout, 1793, Kingwood, Essex County; Accessed at

Stout and Allied Families, Herald F. Stout, Capt. USN , Eagle Press: Dover Ohio, 1951. Entire book has been digitized at

The History of the Stout Family: First Settling in Middleton, Monmouth County, New Jersey; Nathan Stout, 1823 (Continued by Mrs. Sarah Wert) [Link to Family]

The History of Hunterdon and Somerset Counties, New Jersey, James P. Snell, Philadelphia: Everts and Peck 1881. Accessed at

Find a Grave, Isaac Stout 1740