Tag Archives: Adam Daniel Bair

52 Ancestors, #41 Caroline Limback Bair

Caroline Limback, 1855-1936

My husband Ken, as I have mentioned before, has always thought that he was 100% Swiss.  His paternal line–Badertscher-Amstutz-Tschantz, Baumgardner et al, all emigrated from Switzerland. However, he and his sister knew less about their maternal line–Bair-Limbach-Manbeck et al. In fact, although he knew that his family included Amstutz’s and Tschantz’s, he had never heard the names Limbach and Manbeck. As I mentioned when I wrote about the Bair family, research that started with Ken’s grandfather’s mother suddenly shook up the “Made in Switzerland” assumption. Aided and abetted by a New Philadelphia Ohio church celebrating its 100th anniversary this year.

Far from being “colorful”–the suggested theme for this week’s 52 Ancestors Challenge, Caroline Limback was the typical second generation immigrant farm wife.  She was a pretty woman in some pictures I have seen. The Limback family seems to have mostly stayed very close as adults. A descendant has many pictures of Caroline and other Limbacks ahd Bairs, but keeps them private. If I get permission, I will share them at a later date. For now, here is a picture of Adam and Caroline with some of Caroline’s sisters and brothers. (See the surreys in the background? They date the picture at about 1910.)

Caroline Limback and Adam Bair

Caroline Limback Bair and Daniel Bair in top right.

1st Row: Rachel [Murphy] & William Limbach; Anna Eliza [Kuhn] & David Limbach; Mary [Limbach] Schwartz (widow of Andrew); August Kuhn and Catherine [Limbach] Kuhn. 2nd Row: Elizabeth [Limbach] & William Beaber, Caroline [Limbach] & Daniel Bair. ( This photo was posted by several people on Ancestry.com, including one identified as hanabanana78 and captioning corrected by abair2.) Missing Limbach siblings are  George Limbach, Adam Limbach Jr., and Simon Limbach.

Caroline Limback, Ken’s great grandmother was born in Ohio. However when I looked at the census report from 1860, when she was five, I noticed that it said that both her parents were born in Germany. Of course, that could be a mistake, I thought, since sometimes census takers did not discriminate between German-Swiss and German.  As I went plowing through more and more records, it became clear–her parents both were born in Germany–Bavaria, according to at least one of the reports.

Caroline had two older sisters and four older brothers, and when she was one year old, a younger brother was born. Her family lived on a farm in York Township, Tuscarawas County, Ohio in most of the records, although her birth was recorded in Jefferson Township, Tuscarawas County.

When she was twenty, Caroline married Daniel Manbeck Bair. Caroline gave birth every two or three years between the ages of twenty-one and thirty-five when Ken’s grandfather Adam Daniel Bair was born. Her last child, Clara, must have come as somewhat of a surprise, since Caroline was forty-one when Clara was born in 1895–a year after her oldest daughter was married. For more details on their children, see what I wrote about Daniel here.

By 1915, when Clara married, Daniel and Caroline were living alone on the farm.In 1919 they suffered one of the saddest losses parents can know when their son Adam Daniel Bair died before he was 30 years old.

In  January 1920, Daniel was listed on the census as retired. He may have been ill by then, because he died in August that year.

As so many widows did at that time, Caroline moved in with one of her children.  She probably was a popular figure in the Dover, Ohio home of Clara and Charles Wiegand, particularly among their three small children.  She probably lived with her youngest daughter’s family for at least ten years, before she died in November 1936. Caroline was buried beside her husband Daniel in the New Philadelphia, Jerusalem Church cemetery.

New Jerusalem Church

New Jerusalem Church, New Phil with historic buildings. Photo by Jon Baker, New Philadelphia Times.

The Jerusalem Church, described as High German Reformed and Evangelical Lutheran was founded in 1815, so is celebrating a centennial this year. You can read details of the founding here. These congregations preached in German until the 1900s,  and in the early days provided education for families. It would certainly have been the center of social life for the family, and a refuge for Caroline’s parents, who were also buried there, before they were fluent in English.

I can even speculate that Caroline may have met her husband Daniel Manbeck Bair at the church, since dozens of Bairs are buried in the churchyard, and must have been members. This also gives us another clue as to the origins of the Bair family. Surely they were German rather than Swiss, since they were attending this German church.

This video from You Tube shows the present day church and the cemetery where so many of Ken’s ancestors, particularly Bairs, are buried.

How Ken is Related


  • Kenneth Ross Badertscher is the son of
  • Agnes Bair Badertscher, who is the daughter of
  • Adam Daniel Bair, who is the son of
  • Caroline Limbach Bair

Notes on Research

  • United States Census reports 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920,  (York Township, Tuscarawas County, Ohio); 1930,  (Dover, Ohio)
  • Ohio, Deaths, 1908-1932, 1938-2007, Ancestry.com and Ohio Department of Health, Daniel Manbeck Bair.
  • Web: Ohio, Find A Grave Index, 1787-2012, Ancestry.com, Daniel Manbeck Bair, Caroline Limback Bair
  • Ohio, Births and Christenings Index, 1800-1962, Cora Estella Bair, Ancestry.com, William Elmer Bair, Clara C. Bair Weigand


52 Ancestors: October – The Bair Family

Adam Daniel Bair

Adam Daniel Bair, Born October 30 1890

Do I have an ancestor with a birthday or anniversary in October to write about for the 52 Ancestors challenge theme this week? Three close family members–husband, brother and first grand daughter–have birthdays in October. More to the point, the man whose family I wanted to write about today was born in October. How convenient.  If you did not read the sad story of the too-short life and love of Adam Daniel Bair , please go to Helen Stucky Bair Kohler Faces a Challenge.

I am starting a series on the Bair branch of my husband’s family with a look at the family of Adam Daniel Bair, who, it so happens was born on October 30. I’ll start with his father, but the women of the family are the ones who really interest me, so you will hear about them soon.

Daniel Manbeck Bair 1850-1920

Daniel is Kenneth Ross Badertscher’s great-grandfather, the grandfather of his mother. Daniel was named for his father, and his middle name is his mother’s surname.  She was Elizabeth Manbeck, and I’ll be pursuing the Manbeck line in future weeks. Daniel Manbeck Bair was born July 3, 1850 in Tuscarawas County Ohio and that is where he spent his life.

His father died in 1869, and the young Daniel worked the family farm with his widowed mother until he married Caroline Limbach in 1874. Caroline’s parents came from Bavaria, and I will be tracing her family in the coming weeks.

When they first got married, Daniel worked as a carpenter, but he turned to farming and that was his life.

Daniel and Caroline had seven children, over the next twenty years. Adam Daniel Bair, Ken’s grandfather, was the next to youngest of the three girls and four boys. He got his middle name from his father and his first name from his father’s older brother, Adam Bair (b. 1839).

  • Cora Estella Bair (Mutti) (1875-1945)
  • Austin E. (1877-1943)
  • Bertha (1881-1961?)
  • Martin Luther Bair (1883-1963)
  • William Elmer Bair(1887-1969)
  • Adam Daniel (October 30, 1889-1919)*
  • Clara C. (1895-1967)

Adam would hardly have known is older sister Cora, since she was sixteen years older than he was and she married when he was only five years old. By the time Adam was eleven, his brothers William and Martin had married as well.

A mysterious newspaper article appears on February 28, 1895 in The Ohio Democrat (a New Philadelphia, Ohio newspaper).

Daniel Bair, a young man of this city was taken to Cleveland last week to appear before the United States court on a charge of handling peculiar money.  He was fined $75 and costs which was paid and he returned home.

Strictly speaking, Daniel Manfield Bair did not live in “this city”, since he lived on a farm in a different township.  So, could it be a different Daniel Bair? Or, with another child being born (the last child, Clara was born the year of this incident), did he get involved in a get-rich-quick-scheme? We’ll probably never know.

When the oldest son, Austin, was twenty-three (1900), he was working as a servant for another family, and by 1910 he had been married five years and had a two-year-old child of his own, so he was not around much when Adam was a child.

Bertha had her first child, Florence, in May 1898, but married Peter Beaber in 1899.  Although the 1900 census clearly states that Florence’s birth date was March 1898 and she is two years old, her birth date is changed to 1899 on the 1910 census and all records after that, including Social Security.

Bertha was a bit of a mystery to figure out. Since there is no extant 1890 census for the area, it is difficult to figure out what happened to a girl born in 1881, who could have been married before the 1900 census, the case with Bertha. However, thanks to Ancestry hints and confirmation by tracing her children’s birth records, I confirmed that Bertha did marry a Peter Bieber.

As was common with farm families in those days, the children went to school only through eighth grade at the most. Bertha only got as far as 5th grade and her husband only to 3rd. Instead, the boys worked on the farm or for neighbor families and the girls helped out at home.

The Bair boys seemed to have an entrepreneurial spirit. Austin owned a butcher shop and William was a lumber dealer, after being a coal miner and before working as a farm laborer.  Martin changed jobs from mining to trucking and was a school janitor in his later years. All of the Bair children stayed in Ohio, in Tuscarawas County, except William, who retired to Texas.

The last two children to leave the nest, Adam and Clara, married in 1912 and 1914 (Clara married on October 30, 1914, as it happens).  Daniel and Caroline’s son Adam had been the only one of their sons who set out to follow in his father’s footsteps as a farmer, but he died a year before his father, when he was only 29 years old. Their father, Daniel Manbeck Bair, died at the age of 70 in the summer of 1920.

Daniel Bair

Daniel M. Bair Tombstone 1850-1920
Caroline 1854-1836

How Ken is Related

  • Kenneth Ross Badertscher is the son of
  • Agnes Bair Badertscher, who is the daughter of
  • Adam Daniel Bair, who is the son of
  • Daniel Manfield Bair.

Research notes:

  • United States Census reports 1860, 1870, 1880, 1900, 1910, 1920, 1930, 1940 (York Township, Tuscarawas County, Ohio). 1930, 1940 (Dover, Ohio); 1930 (Monroe, Guernsey, Ohio), 1940 (Rural, Cameron, Texas)
  • Ohio, Deaths, 1908-1932, 1938-2007, Ancestry.com and Ohio Department of Health, Daniel Manbeck Bair, Cora Estella Bair, Austin Ellsworth Bair, Bertha Bair Beaber, Martin Luther Bair, Adam Daniel Bair, Clara C. Bair Weigand
  • Web: Ohio, Find A Grave Index, 1787-2012, Ancestry.com, Daniel Manbeck Bair, Cora Estella Bair Mutti, Austi Ellsworth Bair, Bertha Bair Beaber, Martin Luther Bair, Adam Daniel Bair, Clara C. Bair Weigand
  • Web: Texas, Find A Grave Index, 1761-2012, Ancestry.com William Elmer Bair
  • Ohio, Births and Christenings Index, 1800-1962, Cora Estella Bair, Ancestry.com, William Elmer Bair, Clara C. Bair Weigand
  • U.S., World War II Draft Registration Cards, 1942,The National Archives at St. Louis; St. Louis, Missouri; State Headquarters: Ohio, Austin Ellsworth Bair, Martin Luther Bair, William Elmer Bair
  • U.S., World War I Draft Registration Cards, 1917-1918, Registration State: Ohio; Registration County: Tuscarawas; Roll: 1851246; Draft Board: 2  Martin Luther Bair, William Elmer Bair, Adam Daniel Bair