Tag Archives: American Revolution

Veteran’s Day Tribute to Family Veterans

This is a story of men at war. I glance at a handy list of the dates of American wars and the birthdates of (until recently only) men who might have taken part in those wars. The overwhelming fact driven home by this list is–too many wars.

World War II Family 1942

World War II Family 1942

Last year on Pearl Harbor Day, I wrote a little about our family’s World War II veterans, and how rationing affected the home folk. You can read about the World War II effects on family here.

I have started a running list of ancestors who were veterans of various wars in our country’s history. Almost all survived. The list continues to grow, but here are some of my ancestor/veterans I have discovered so far, with birth date, place they enlisted, and relationship to me. If you know of some information I have missed, please tell me in the comments below.

Indian Wars Monument

Marker in honor of settlers and veterans of Indian Wars, Sudbury Cemetery

Veterans of New England Indian Wars

  • Major Peter Bulkely (b. 1642) Concord [8th great grandfather]
  • Capt. Joseph Bulkely (b. 1670) Concord [7th great grandfather]
  • Captain Joseph Hubbard (b. 1689) Concord,  [6th great grandfather]
  • David Stone (b. 1646) 1675, Great Swamp Fight, Framingham) [paternal grandfather of wife of 5th great-grand uncle–Ezekial Howe of Howe’s Tavern.]


John Howe Jr. (b.1640) Sudbury, Killed in battle at age 36 [7th great grand uncle]

 Veterans of American Revolution


This is a photograph of the statue representing Captain John Parker sculpted by Henry Hudson Kitson and erected in 1900. This statue in Lexington, Massachusetts is commonly called “The Lexington Minuteman” Photo from Wikipedia

  • Lt. Samuel Stone Jr. (b. 1748) Died 1775, Buried in Rutland MA Cemetery.[1st cousin 6 x removed.]
  • Ezekial Howe, (b. 1720) Lt. Col in MInutemen 1775, Col. of Regiment 1776-June 1779. Led Sudbury troops to Concord Bridge April 19, 1775. [5th great-grand uncle.]
  • Ezekial Howe, Jr., Minutemen. (b. 1756)  Ran 16 miles from Sudbury to Concord on the sounding of the alarm April 19, 1775. [1st cousin 6 X removed.]
  • Jeduthan Stone, (b. 1748) Minuteman, Pvt. in Militia from Rutland MA, Fought at Concord [4th great grandfather]
  • Note: Father John Fife Sr. and sons William and John Jr. all served.
  • John Fife Sr.,(b. 1721) Pvt. 4th C., 2nd Battalion in Washington County PA militia. [5th Great Grandfather]
  • William Fife (b. 1751) 12th Virginia Regiment 1777-1778, Captain in 4th Co., 2nd Battalion. Washington County PA Militia 1782. [4th Great granduncle]
  • John Fife Jr.,( b. 1756) Enlisted in Washington County, PA militia. Capt, 4th C. 2nd Battalion. [4th great grandfather]
  • Samuel Bassett,(b. 1754) Fifer, enlisted at Keene New Hampshire, slightly wounded at Battle of Bunker Hill [4th great grandfather]
  • Note: Brothers Israel, Benjamin and Stephen Barrett Jr. all served.
  • Israel Barrett (b. 1757) Enlisted in 1775 and second time in 1781. Served as Private under Col. Tupper, then in Nixon’s regiment. Taken prisoner and held in Quebec for about nine months. [4th great-grand uncle, step-son of Elizabeth Hubbard Howe Barrett]
  • Stephen Barrett, Jr. (b. 1753)  [4th great-grand uncle, step-son of Elizabeth Hubbard Howe Barrett.]
  • Benjamin Barrett (b. 1759 ) [4th great-grand uncle, step-son of Elizabeth Hubbard Howe Barrett]

Veteran of War of 1812

1812 Grave Marker

William Cochran Grave with War of 1812 Marker, Stout Family Cemetery, Guernsey Co.,Ohio

William Cochran [b. 1793]Enlisted in Ohio. Served six months in 1812 and one year from November 1813 to November 1814. [3rd Great Grandfather]

Veterans of Spanish American War (1898)

Although there is a Spanish American War medallion in the Stout family graveyard in Guernsey County, Ohio, it is not clear to whom it belongs.

Veterans of Civil War

  • William McCabe Anderson (b. 1841) Enlisted in Ohio, September, 1861. Discharged October 1864. Served in Co. B, 16th Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry.  Was held captive for part of his service, but not in Andersonville as speculated in his obituary. [Great Grand Uncle, brother of Isabella McCabe Anderson.]
  • Benjamin Franklin Stone (b. 1782 ) Enlisted in Rutland MA in  1872 and reenlisted in 1873. Advanced from Pvt. of Company C, 73rd Ohio Volunteer Infantry to Adj. General of the 11th Army Corps.  Fought at Manassas, Gettysburg, Lookout Mountain and was part of Sherman’s March to the Sea. [1st cousin 5x removed.]
  • Henry Allen Butts

    Great Grandfather Henry Allen Butts

  • Henry Allen Butts (b. 1835) Pvt. Enlisted twice, and was part of Sherman’s march to the sea. [Great grandfather , grandfather of my father]


Erasmus Anderson (b.1830) Pvt. in Company E, 16th Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, enlisted in 1871. Killed in battle at VIcksburg in 1872.  Read the series telling his story here. [Great grand-uncle, Uncle of my maternal grandfather, Guy Anderson]

Veteran of World War I

Earl Fair

Earl Fair

Kenneth Earl Fair (B. 1898 ) From Ohio. [Uncle. Married to my mother’s step-sister.]

Veterans of World War II

World War II

Herbert and Bill Anderson and Frank Fair

  •  Herbert Guy Anderson From Ohio. Member of Navy Construction Battalion–SeaBees. Pacific Theater. [Uncle, mother’s brother]
  • William J. Anderson  From Ohio. Member of Navy Construction Battalion–SeaBees. Pacific Theater. [Uncle, mother’s brother]
  • Robert Anderson ,From Ohio. Navy–Pacific Theater [Cousin, son of William J. Anderson]
  • Frank Fair, From Ohio Army Air Force Fighter pilot in Europe. [Cousin, son of Rhema Anderson Fair]

Veteran of Vietnam

Brother, Paul Kaser, Vietnam Veteran

A visit from a Vietnam AF officer, Paul Kaser Scottsdale, circa 1966

Paul W. Kaser, From Ohio. Air Force Lt.  stationed at Bien Hoa in Vietnam [Brother]

Veteran of Cold War

Kenneth Paul Badertscher, From Arizona Navy, nuclear submarine. [Son]

Veterans of Iraq War

  • David Kaser, From California. Marine [Nephew]
  • Kenneth Paul Badertscher II, From Arizona. AirForce [Grandson]

 *Family members in picture

Top Row: Pauline McDowell Anderson, Herbert G. Anderson, Vera Stout Anderson, Frank Fair, Ruth Fair, Rhema Anderson Fair, Kenneth Earl Fair, Sarah Warner Anderson

Second Row: Dick Fair, Harriette Anderson Kaser, Leonard Guy Anderson, Paul Kaser, William J. Anderson

Bottom Row: Vera Marie (Bunny) Kaser, Joann Anderson, James (Jimmy) Anderson, Romona Anderson, Larry Anderson.

Picture was taken on the lawn of Vera and Guy Anderson’s home in Killbuck, Ohio.


Ezekiel Howe, Rum and Revolution

Ezekiel Howe (1720-1796)

Red Horse Inn

Propritors of the How family tavern–How’s Tavern, Red Horse .Inn, Wayside Inn. Photo shared on Ancestry.com

Proprietor of the Red Horse Tavern, which would become known as Longfellow’s Wayside Inn, elected leader in his community, father of ten, and military leader who was present for the “Shot heard round the world” at Concord.

When Ezekiel Howe/How took over his father, David How’s Sudbury Massachusetts “How’s Tavern” in 1744, he changed the name to “Red Horse Tavern.”  David had enlarged his two-room house to four rooms to accommodate his own large family plus guests in the tavern.

When Ezekiel, David’s youngest son, married Bathsheba Stone in January 1743 and they moved into the family home/business, they had sufficient space. But as their family grew to seven children between 1744 and 1759, the building had to grow also.

Besides the fact that the family obviously needed more space, Ezekiel and Bathsheba had more guests to feed and entertain. As colonials settled in the area and traveled west from Boston on the Boston Post Road, the Red Horse had to provide more sleeping space and drinking and eating space for visitors.

As I earlier mentioned, it was here in the Red Horse Tavern, according to family lore, that my 4 X great-grandmother, Elizabeth Howe (Stone) was born in 1744. Her father, Israel, was a brother to Ezekiel Howe. (Follow the link for her story)

Wayside Inn bedroom

Old style bedroom in museum of Wayside Inn from Ancestry.com user

In 1748, Ezekiel is listed on an application for a license as innkeeper. The application reveals his prices.

  • Lodging: 4 pence
  • Good Dinner: 20 pence
  • Common Dinner: 12 pence
  • Best Supper and Breakfast: 15 pence each

Best Supper costs less than Good Dinner presumably because dinner was a main meal, and supper a lighter meal. But what do those prices mean? Are the equivalent to what we would pay today at a Holiday Inn, for instance?

*WARNING: this little bit of information set me off on an interesting, but not essential side road. Feel free to skip if you are not interested in the price of things.

The bad news is that it is almost impossible to say how Tavern Keeper Howe’s prices compared to today’s. An excellent article from the history.org site run by Colonial Williamsburg fills you in on why it is so difficult to get equivalents. In that article, they give some prices from Virginia in 1755, which might have been different than Massachusetts in the same general time period, but probably are close.

  • Pound of butter: 4 pence (roughly $1.50 in today’s money)
  • Prayer Book: 35 shillings (roughly $13.40 today)
  • A Yard of flannel material: 1 shilling, 3 pence (roughly $5.60)
  • A saddle: 2 pounds (roughly $15)

Do the English shillings, pence, pounds confuse you as much as they do me? It really doesn’t help a lot to learn that 12 pence = a shilling and 20 shillings= a pound. Not to mention that various colonies valued money differently, and Massachusetts had started making their own paper money by this time.

However, if the assumptions above are accurate, we can conclude that the Red Horse Inn was a bargain compared to what we pay to have a meal or a night in a motel. If you compare to the price of butter, staying overnight would cost $4. If you use the calculator found at this page, you will get the same result. (That same web page contains pictures of the coins and a fairly clear explanation of the English monetary system in the 18th century.)

*End of digression.

Now, where was I?  Oh, yes, the need to expand the inn.  Between 1750 and 1760, Ezekiel plowed a lot of money and effort into growing the property.  He added what is known as the Back Parlor, which doubled the size of the inn, he added the “New Hall” used as a ballroom–a total of six rooms in all. These large public rooms may have been used by the disgruntled colonials to get organized in their rebellion against the British.

Old Red Horse Tavern

Old etching of Red Horse Tavern/ Wayside Inn, used with permission of Longfellow’s Wayside Inn archives.

I have learned through conversation with a historian from Longfellow’s Wayside Inn that tavern keepers in colonial days tended to be leaders in their communities. The townspeople not only had elected Ezekiel Howe (and four other tavern keepers) as a Selectmen for Sudbury (something like a town council member) but he also was chosen town moderator–the person who ran the meetings. And he was a member of the very important Committee of Correspondence, the groups used to tie together the colonies before independence. A short explanation of the Massachusetts Committees–the first formed in the colonies–can be found at this Massachusetts history site.

While all of these civil responsibilities sound fairly harmless, Ezekiel also was an early joiner of the American Political Society, founded in nearby Worchester. In 1776 he was elected chairman of this radical Whig debating society, a spinoff of the Committees of Correspondence who goaded the public to take action against Britain.

The drill field for the Militiamen was just down the road from the Inn, and some speculate that the Minutemen and other patriots held  meetings at the Red Horse Tavern.

In Public Houses

In Public Houses

A terrific book for history buffs called The Public Houses by David W. Conroy, describes Sudbury as a real hotbed of revolution.  And Ezekiel was right at the forefront of rebellion. Rather than get sidetracked with another diversion, I’ll write a separate post about the role of taverns and tavern keepers in the American Revolution, but I just can’t resist this quote about two British spies traveling through Sudbury.

They did not stop at any of the six Sudbury taverns, a wise decision since Sudbury companies had become very agitated in the spring of 1775.

Indeed! And just imagine what a busy life Ezekiel had as proprietor of a tavern that hosted meetings, himself running meetings and drilling soldiers, and still working to make a living to support his enormous family.

By the time the tenth child, Jenny (or Jane) was born in 1765, the oldest daughter Rebecca was twenty and might have been married, but it was quite a houseful of children, most not old enough to help with the guests.

Although we don’t have a concrete date for the death of Bathsheba, we know she died between 1765 and 1772 because in December 1772, Ezekiel Howe (then a Captain in the Militia) marries his second wife, widow Rebecca Ruggles (b. 1751).  Thus, Bathsheba missed most of the drama of Ezekiel’s career in the Minutemen and the American Revolution.

On April 19, 1775, Ezekiel was leader (Lt. Col.) of the Middlesex troops who ran (some quite literally*) to Concord, twelve miles away and fought the battle that began with “The shot heard ’round the world.”

*It is said that his son, Ezekiel, Jr., then nineteen, ran the distance in two hours, loaded down with musket and powder and balls and knapsack.

Luckily, both Ezekiels returned to Sudbury unscathed and in 1776, the father was called back as Colonel of a The 4th Massachusetts Foot Regiment, a position he held for the next three years. He would have been 55 years old when the war started and nearing 60 when he retired from the army, pleading ill health.

When peace returned to Sudbury, he once again expanded the inn.  1785 saw him building a new expanded kitchen with two sleeping rooms above it.

A great deal can be learned about the family from Ezekiel’s will. One of his daughters, Bathsheba Howe Loring, died in 1777, leaving three grandchildren. Two other daughters, Hepzibah Howe Brown and Anna Howe Brown died before their father made his will in 1795 or 1796. Like his father David, Ezekiel gave the Inn and its grounds to his youngest son. Adam Howe would carry on the family business.

On October 15, 1796, Ezekiel Howe, my 5th great grand uncle, died possibly of consumption. He is buried in the Revolutionary War Cemetery in Sudbury, Massachusetts.

Ezekiel strikes me as the kind of person who grasps life with both hands, never shying away from a challenge and slipping naturally into leadership roles. He lived in an exciting, but dangerous time. He took full advantage of the inherited family business to build a political platform and then took full advantage of that platform to fight (with words and bullets) for what he believed was right. Thank you, Uncle Ezekiel.

How I am Related

  • Vera Marie (Badertscher) is the daughter of
  • Harriette Anderson (Kaser), the daughter of
  • Vera Stout (Anderson), the daughter of
  • Hattie Morgan (Stout), the daughter of
  • Mary Bassett (Morgan), the daughter of
  • Elizabeth Stone (Basset), the daughter of
  • Elizabeth Howe (Stone), the daughter of
  • Israel How, the brother of
  • Ezekiel How

Notes on Research

  • In Public Houses: Drink and the Revolution of Authority in Colonial Massachusetts by David W. Conroy, (1995)
  • Howe Genealogies by Daniel Wait Howe (1929), Massachusetts Historical and Genealogical Society. This is said to be the best of the several genealogies of the family. Although I do not have a copy of the entire book, portions of it are available on the Internet.
  • A personal genealogy by Dee Derrico at Genealogy.com While I am cautious about using personal genealogies because they are generally crammed with errors, this one contains an extensive set of footnotes verifying primary and secondary sources.
  • Ezekiel Howe’s will, from the Howe Genealogies, found on Ancestry.com
  • Middlesex County records found on Ancestry.com. Birth, death and marriage.
  • The Battle Road by Charles H. Bradford (1988), quoted on personal page at Ancestry.com
  • Historic Homes and Institutions and Genealogical and Personal Memoirs of Worcester County Massachusetts Vol. 1, ed by Ellery Bicknell Crane (1907) Available as a Google Books e-book.
  • FindaGrave.com
  • I also have had assistance from the archivist and a historian at Longfellow’s Wayside Inn.

Note:  There are links to Amazon on this website because I am an Amazon affiliate.  Even though it costs you no more to shop through our links, it helps finance the research for Ancestors in Aprons when you do. THANKS!  Click on photos to find more about their sources.


A Tough Mother: Elizabeth Hubbard How Barrett

Elizabeth Hubbard Howe Barrett 1720-1802(?)

Since her husband, my 5x great grandfather Israel How had such a simple life, I figured Elizabeth would be a piece of cake.  Surprise! Most of the drama occurred during her second marriage, but she lived a fascinating life.

Although I might not be a blood relative of her 2nd husband, because Elizabeth is my 5th Great Grandmother, her offspring qualify as — 4x great-grand aunts and uncles — never mind–just think of them as related. So perhaps I am justified in spending an inordinate amount of time reading the longest military pension file I’ve run into yet, and beating the bushes looking for clues to when Elizabeth died.

I generally start with a timeline. It helps clarify what information I have and what is missing.  Elizabeth Hubbard‘s starts easily enough.

September 25, 1720: born in Concord Massachusetts to Capt. Joseph Hubbard and Rebecca Bulkeley.

But right away I’m thrown off the rails of my investigation of the How/Howe family of Sudbury, being introduced to two new surnames that now designate two more lines of grandparents, and both have some very distinguished ancestors to add to my tree.  The Hubbards arrived in North America in the early 1600s from England, settling first in Glastonbury CT and then Concord MA.

See their origin and destination here.

On Elizabeth’s mother’s side, the Bulkeley/Bulkely famly also come from England and emigrated in 1635, moving straight to Concord MA. So Elizabeth is 5th generation American on both sides of her family. She beats her husband Israel by one generation, since the Hows had been here for four generations.

Back to Elizabeth’s timeline.  Just glancing through the dates between 1740 and 1759, Elizabeth could be dismissed as a baby machine, but her life, hard as it was,  had some exciting moments.

March 24, 1740: Marries Israel How of Paxton/Rutland. She is twenty.

In the next five years, Elizabeth  gives birth to a son (1741) and two daughters, Lucy (1743), and my 4th great grandmother, Elizabeth (1744). In the fifth year of her marriage, the son, Israel, Jr. died at four years old.

Two more girls follow: Ruth (1746) and Rebekah (1748).

But instead of celebrating the joy of a new healthy baby when Rebekah was born, the mother must have been devastated, for just three days after Rebekah’s birth, Elizabeth’s husband Israel How died at the age of thirty-six.  Being a housewife and family cook was a hard job in Colonial times, but Elizabeth had a specially hard life as Israel’s wife. Now she is twenty-eight years old and has four daughters to care for as well as the farm.

I imagine that the extended How family must have come to her aid, but after all, Israel had moved away from Sudbury, where most of his siblings lived, to Rutland, several miles to the north. And the daughters are not old enough to be of much help–the eldest being only five.

The only thing a widow with so many children can do is remarry. And she does.

May 12, 1750: Elizabeth Hubbard How marries Stephen Barrett of Paxton (which was originally a part of Rutland).

Although she may have been exhausted from having five children in seven years, and grateful to find a husband who did not come with children of his own, she very quickly becomes pregnant again.  A year after Elizabeth and Stephen were married, Lydia was born. [Lydia is doubly connected to me, since she married a Stone–a descendent of the same line of Stones that I am tracing.]

In 1753, Stephen Barrett Jr., who would be very important in Elizabeth’s future, was born.

Either Elizabeth’s tired body decided to take a break, or she lost a baby which did not make it into the records, but her next child, Israel is not born until 1757. [Israel, who grew up to become a shoemaker by trade, has another fascinating story–becoming a soldier in the American Revolution and a prisoner of war for nine months.]

Her last child, Benjamin, was born in 1759 when she was nearly 40.  [Benjamin Barrett was another Revolutionary War Veteran, and after the war moved to Ohio.]

Elizabeth’s fifties must have been a most difficult time for her. One by one, her three sons joined the army and left for the Revolutionary War.  The village hung on news reports from battles and frequently heard reports of sons of Massachusetts dying. Not only her sons, but so many relatives from Sudbury and Paxton and surrounding areas were involved.

The worst year was when Israel was held prisoner for nine months in Quebec and the family had no idea what was happening to him. I wonder if she was having second thoughts about naming her son after her short-lived first husband and the first child, who had died in childhood?

Her son Israel’s wife and two children (Lucy) lived with Elizabeth and Stephen Hubbard Jr. when he reenlisted in 1781.

After the Revolution, when Stephen Barrett, Elizabeth’s husband dies, she moves with her son Stephen Jr., his wife and two little girls to the town of Paris in Oneida County, New York. Stephen was one of the pioneers of Oneida County. While it seems impossible given how long there had been settlement on the east coast, Oneida County was practically wilderness in 1789.

The Oxcart Man

The Oxcart Man, a children’s book.

Since today we could drive the distance in half a day, it is hard to imagine how difficult a journey by oxcart from Massachusetts to New York was in 1789.  Some details of the trip are related in the Genealogy of Thomas Barrett listed below.

…the entire distance from Winchendon, Mass., to
Utica, (then Fort Schuyler*) New York, taking two
weeks, was made with a sled and a yoke of oxen,
he (Stephen Barrett) traveling most of the way on
foot, driving his oxen — his mother, wife and chil-
dren riding upon the sled.

The slow motion of the sled over the rough roads
caused his wife a distressing sickness very similar
to sea-sickness, and she was obliged to lie down
upon the sled the greater part of the distance. At
night if they were fortunate enough to reach a
settlement, they found rest and comfortable quar-
ters in the house of some hospitable settler.

When he arrived at a point (Whiteboro) about
three miles distant from Fort Schuyler (Utica) he
halted, built a temporary log house, and remained
there for a short time to rest. After he and his
family and team had rested, and sufficiently recovered
their nearly exhausted strength they continued
their journey until they reached Paris, Oneida
County, New York, which was as far West as the
Government surveys had at that time (1789) been
made, where he purchased land, settled upon and
cleared it, and became a permanent resident of
Oneida County.

I notice that Stephen’s wife is made “seasick” by the journey, but apparently Elizabeth, nearing 70 years old,  soldiered on. The sturdy grandmother would have been responsible for feeding the family and caring for the two young girls.

On this map you can see Rutland, just NW of Worchester MA, and Paris, NY, due east of Syracuse NY.(You may have to slide the map to see the star marking Rutland off to the East) A short drive today.

Elizabeth could be very proud of her three sons who served honorably in the American Revolution. And particularly of Stephen, who was a leader in his new state–first in Paris and then Sangerfield, both in Oneida County, NY.

He took a deep interest in public affairs, and was a leading
and prominent actor and an important factor in
all matters, church as well as state, that concerned
his town, county and state in those early days.
He was one of the selectmen of Paris, and he was
also a Justice of the Peace of Mohawk. He served
as a soldier for three years in the Revolutionary
War; had the respect and confidence of all who
knew him; was a good citizen, a kind neighbor, an
indulgent and affectionate husband and father, an
earnest and sincere Christian : in short, he was a
model man.

A year after Stephen moved his mother and his family, his brother Israel also moved to New York. The youngest brother Benjamin settled in Ohio after the Revolutionary War, so the family was starting to spread away from New England.

One family tree says that Elizabeth Hubbard How Barrett died in 1802, but I have not yet confirmed that fact. Whether she lived into her eighties or not, I must admire this woman for her toughness. She gave birth nine times, cared for and helped two farmer husbands, worried over three sons and a son-in-law fighting in a war, and as a widow pulled up stakes and took a hard journey to a raw new territory.

How I am related

  •  Vera Marie (Badertscher) is the daughter of
  • Harriette Anderson (Kaser), the daughter of
  • Vera Stout (Anderson), the daughter of
  • Hattie Morgan (Stout), the daughter of
  • Mary Bassett (Morgan), the daughter of
  • Elizabeth Stone (Basset), the daughter of
  • Elizabeth How (Stone), the daughter of
  • Elizabeth Hubbard (How) (Barrett)


Birth and death records recorded in Rutland and Paxton Massachusetts which I find at Ancestry.com.

Revolutionary War pension records for Israel Barrett, accessed on Ancestry.com
Genealogy of some of the descendants of Thomas Barrett, sen., of Braintree, Mass., 1635, (1888), Compiled by William Barrett.  Available on line