Blue Star Mother flag with three stars.
Blue Star Mother
In December, I shared my grandmother Vera Anderson’s letters written in December1943. During that month, she was thinking about Christmas and in her role as a Blue Star Mother. She was very concerned about her Navy SeaBee son, William. Through her letters, we saw a bit of what life was like on the homefront during World War II.
Many homes in Killbuck Ohio displayed a small banner with one or more blue stars embroidered on it. Grandma’s silk Blue Star Mother’s flag looked like this, with stars for Uncle Bill (William) Anderson, Uncle Herbert Anderson and my cousin Bob (Robert J.) Anderson. When these letters were written, only William had joined up the Navy, but the other two would join before long. (I don’t know whatever happened to the banner, but it is one heirloom I would love to have.)
Articles on the Internet provide contradictory information about the beginning of the Blue Star Mother banners–with some claiming they started in World War II. However, this story seems to be the more accurate one. A soldier from Ohio designed the original flag in World War I. By the time of World War II, the government codified who could fly the banner and the size and design.
Since December, I have selected snippets from Grandmother’s letters to my mother that showed her role as a gardener (and preserver of vegetables) and in her role as a Rosie the Riveter as she tries to make enough money to support her sick husband and herself. Now I am going back to grandma’s role as a Blue Star Mother. Some of the excerpts below are from December letters, so you may have read them before, but I wanted to put the whole story together.
During World War II, no matter what else was happening in people’s lives–and she related births, deaths, marriages, a bank scandal, basketball team and grandchildren’s accomplishments–the war was never far from her mind.
[I will be publishing the entire letters on a separate page for the benefit of relatives and anyone else who would like to see all the details of life on the homefront in a small Ohio town.]
I have struggled to date some of the earlier letters, but still do not know for sure the order of the letters. She wrote them in October and November 1943, but in many cases only put the day of the week rather than the date, and if I do not have the envelope or other clues, I cannot date them with certainty. The December letters all had dates on them.
The October Letters
Bill and Sarah Anderson, Aug. 1943 in Killbuck, Ohio
This is an earlier letter, because there is no mention of William leaving California.
For good measure, she includes his address at the end of the letter:
- W. J. Anderson E.M. 3/C
- 12 Spec. Batt. Platoon #2
- Port Hueneme
This letter seems to have been written before the October 12th letter.
I was very young, but I vividly remember the large map of the Pacific that we studied and studied during the war, trying to figure out where my uncles and cousin were.
In another letter, Grandma show that although their mind is on the war, there is time for levity. (Bob–son of William the sailor)
Another October letter, written before Oct. 12:
October 12. Sarah and Bob (William’s wife and son) visited grandmother with news. Sounds like William’s departure is imminent and he has been having an adventure. Grandma almost sounds like she envies him, but she is terrified that he will actually be going to war.
A letter probably written October 25, she lists some of the local “boys” who are facing the draft.
You may notice that “Mr. Click got reclassified A-1” This is the same Mr. Click who later gets arrested for embezzling from the local bank. Ironically, his crime kept him out of the armed forces.
November 19, she writes:
The LA Times in September 1992 reported on the 60 worst fires in southern California in the past 60 years, including this, “DATE: November, 1943 AREA: Topanga Canyon, Malibu, Los Angeles County ACRES: 40,000 ”
On Google Books I found interesting information on the American attitude about forest fires during World War II. On page 42 of the book, “The Culture of Wilderness: Agriculture As Colonization in the American West” I learned the the FBI suspected foreign incendiaries as the cause of the California forest fires in 1943. They learned, instead, that it was caused by Americans not used to dealing with the dry conditions.
America had good reason to worry about forest fires and produced posters (Yep! more posters) warning that preventing forest fires was defense against the enemy. In fact, Japan had incendiary balloons that they successfully floated over the western U.S., particularly the states of Oregon and Washington. Fortunately, they were unsuccessful in starting forest fires.
Toward the end of November, she writes:
Another letter still is hopeful that he will not go overseas. She includes a list of Killbuck men who are enlisting or reporting for examinations. Mrs. Alderman apparently has not heard from her soldier husband.
December 10, she is feeling melancholy about Christmas.
December 14, some ominous news from William.
In same letter she mentions working at the movie theater for another woman going to a Blue Star Mother meeting, so apparently she is not active in that organization.
About December 22, she writes the last letter that remains in this series. It is the letter that unveils the bank scandal but also starts with specific news about William.
After all the hints that he might be going, and the periods of waiting, it is definite. Her son has gone to war and she is officially a Blue Star Mother.